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gastroenterologist in india

Three signs that show symptoms to visit reputed gastroenterology clinic


In today’s age, with fast food and working busily without food has become more of a fashion among men and women. This combined with pollution in the environment and stress at the workplace does lead to various types of ailments and diseases. One such issue that has been affecting people in huge numbers all over the world is gastrointestinal problems, where immediate medical help will be more than a necessity. The Best Gastroenterologist in India helps to diagnose the patient and identify the issue and provide treatment for various types of stomach and intestinal problems. There are some sure signs of this health ailment that require the person to visit the specialist to get the most appropriate treatment.

Some symptoms of facing gastrointestinal problems

  • Diarrhea and abdominal pain: The person may experience frequent diarrhea and abdominal pain. These indicators when together are likely to be a sign of suffering from IBD (Inflammatory bowel disease). The two common IBD types are ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s might lead to rectal bleeding and anemia. But weight loss is sure to be faced with continuous diarrhea and pain. The doctor will recommend some tests to be undertaken to find out if the cause of pain and diarrhea is IBD. If tested positive, then the patient will be given series of medications which also includes immunosuppressant and anti-inflammatories drugs. Pain in the abdomen region if found persistent, then it can be signs of problems, much more than that of mere inflammatory bowel disease. It can also be peptic ulcer sign for some. Ulcer is stated to be a sore that is located within the stomach lining or small intestine’s upper portion. Several causes are present for ulcer to take place, which includes smoking, alcohol, excessive NSAID medication usage and bacteria. Ulcer may also develop in people suffering due to over stress. Antibiotics are recommended to such patients. Also will be crucial to do away with the circumstances and conditions that has caused sore. But surgery will be required in some extreme cases as excessive scar tissue will block digestive tract.
  • Heartburn: One common sign arising from gastrointestinal problems is burning sensation emerging from the stomach. It shoots up the throat or possibly settles under the sternum in the chest region. Often, heartburn is termed to be a symptom of a particular common condition referred to as acid reflux. Besides experiencing burning sensation, the person might also face dry cough or trouble swallowing. Acid reflux will also cause bad taste and excess saliva in the mouth. If heartburn is not provided with the right treatment, then there can be potential damage. Ulcers may be caused in the stomach or esophagus eaten away by the acid. In some rare cases, cancer may also develop due to acid reflux. Visiting the Best Gastroenterologist in India cam help stop further damage from taking place. Doctors in extreme circumstances can determine if there will be required to undertake surgical procedures to tighten muscles present between stomach and esophagus to stop flow of acid upwards.
  • Constipation: One gastrointestinal disease that people are found to suffer from is inflammatory bowel disease. Those facing constipation should visit the leading gastroenterology clinic. Laxative is a common treatment suggested. But the problem found with self medication is overuse of laxatives, thereby leading to unwanted side effects. The fact is that not everyone’s body is the same. Movement frequency for the family members might not match that of the individual’s. Hence, it becomes crucial to understand the regular bowel movements and discuss the issue with the doctor in case, they change. The top gastroenterology clinic will have the necessary resources for providing proper and timely treatment to intestinal related issues. Whether the problems faced are serious or mild, the doctors are sure to help the patient to enjoy better health.

Gastric problems might also arise due to taking food at the wrong time, consuming fast food or poorly cooked or unhygienic food. Hence, care should be taken to ensure consuming healthy, hygienic and well cooked, nutritious food. For those suffering from such ailments, should not ignore the symptoms and visit the doctor immediately to diagnose and get better treatment, so as to eliminate gastric problems.

hepatorenal syndrome

Cirrhosis causes Hepatorenal Syndrome. How?


Cirrhosis causes severe liver scarring that makes it completely dysfunctional at its terminal stage or when exposed to alcohol or viral infections for long-term.

Do you know? If a person is a cirrhotic patient, then the chances of development of Hepatorenal Syndrome (HRS) with ascites are 8-20% each year which rises to 40 percent after 5 years.

What is Hepatorenal Syndrome (HRS)?

Hepatorenal Syndrome is a type of renal failure that occurs in people with advanced liver disease, mostly caused by cirrhosis. As the pair of kidneys filter out waste from the body, therefore, once it stops functioning properly, waste starts to build up in the body which leads to renal failure.

Does Hepatorenal Syndrome (HRS) have any types? If yes, define them.

Depending on the severity of the kidneys, HRS is of two types. Type 1 HRS is related to progressive kidney failure which happens due to excess production of creatinine. Type 2 HRS is associated with subacute kidney failure that progresses slowly and steadily.

Experts say that type 1 HRS patients survive for a maximum two weeks while type 2 HRS patients survive upto six months. According to a team of the best Gastroenterologists in New Delhi, type 1 HRS patients can survive for a longer period of time if a liver transplant is performed as quickly as possible.

Is Hepatorenal Syndrome curable? What are its possible signs or symptoms?

If you experience HRS symptoms, then seek medical professional help immediately as they need quick medical emergency. Following are its symptoms:

  • The confused state of mind
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Sudden weight gain
  • Dementia
  • Jaundice: Yellowish skin color
  • Decreased urination
  • Swelling in the abdomen
  • Dark-colored urine

What causes Hepatorenal Syndrome?

Hepatorenal Syndrome is a complicated liver disease which is mainly caused by cirrhosis of the liver. The occurrence of cirrhosis is directly proportional to hepatorenal syndrome. Other causes are as follows:

  • Fluctuation in the blood pressure levels
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Other infections in the kidneys
  • Acute alcoholic hepatitis
  • Use of diuretics
  • Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

What are the factors helpful in diagnosing HRS?

If you experience any early possible signs or symptoms, then it’s best to get it diagnosed at its earliest. Your doctor may look into the following signs:

  • Fluid buildup in the abdomen
  • Swelling in the breast tissue
  • Sores on the skin
  • Jaundice

Your doctor may also conduct blood and urine tests that will help him to discover the status of your liver and kidney functioning abilities. Somehow, if cirrhosis isn’t the cause behind HRS, then your doctor may conduct additional tests to diagnose if it’s alcoholic or viral hepatitis.

What are the treatments required to cure hepatorenal syndrome?

  • The treatment is performed according to the cause that is affecting you. To normalize the blood pressure level that usually remains low, you are given prescribed medications called vasoconstrictors.
  • Dialysis can also be performed to improve the functioning of the pair of the kidneys. It filters out wastes, excess salt and water from the blood.
  • In severe cases, liver transplants are performed. However, it is not easily available and the patient has to wait in the waiting list. Sometimes, the patient dies before a liver is available. If the patient gets a liver, then the survival chances are improved at a good rate.

HRS is fatal and complications begin to appear at the end-stage of the kidney disease such as fluid overload, secondary infections as well as organ damage. Sometimes, a person can even go to coma.

Understanding Hepatorenal Syndrome and how to prevent it?

The only natural way to prevent from HRS is to keep your liver healthy. By avoiding drinking excess liquor, you can prevent yourself from cirrhosis.

To prevent yourself hepatitis A and B, get vaccinated regularly. There is no vaccine available to cure hepatitis C. however, you can prevent yourself from hepatitis C by:

  • Washing your hands before and after meals, even after shaking hands.
  • Asking your sex partner to get tested for hepatitis C.
  • Not sharing syringes with anyone.
  • Not using illegal, life-threatening drugs.
  • Practicing safe sex.


There are some non-preventive causes of cirrhosis. Therefore, if you’re at risk of developing cirrhosis, consult medical help to get yourself tested. Your doctor may perform some blood and imaging tests to identify the early signs of the condition.

best Pediatricians In Bangalore

Baby Health – The Doctor Should Be Pediatric


Baby wellbeing is no doubt the most vital worry of any parent. Accordingly, they continue doing everything conceivable to guarantee that their child have a sound and great wellbeing. They will give the child customary nourishments keeping up the nutrition prerequisite. They will influence him to include in physical exercises. They will enable him to take rest. The worry with infant wellbeing is their inadequacy to problems their issues and complains.

In this manner, Parents need to keep sharp eyes on their each and every exercises and outward appearance. One great route for people to perceive how their child wellbeing is performing is having continuous perception of the infant pee and stool. Any irregularities that go inside child body is transferred and reflected in the stools and pee. For pee, you can check the shading, its measure. For stool, you can check the interim of poo, the strength and the shading. Anything that seems unpredictable with your child ought to be your sign to rely on certain variations from the norm with the infant wellbeing. At that point promptly counsel with pediatric specialists. If necessary form a bond with the specialist. Counsel him as often as possible. Regardless of whether your infant is well, playing sound; still visit the specialist normally to survey whether the development is in right track. It is exclusively on the hand of parents.

People don’t know that much about it. Subsequently, some shocking circumstance takes them. A few people like to watch the situational improvement for forty-eight hours. Notwith standing, it is unsafe on the grounds that whatever substances the child is discharging originates from his whole absorption system. In this way, everyone ought to counsel specialists right away.

find best Pediatricians In Bangalore contact to credihealth website.

prostate cancer types, causes, treatment

Prostate Cancer – Types, causes, Symptoms & Diagnosis


In the male reproductive system when the cancer cells are developed in the gland called prostate gland it is known as prostate cancer. Mostly it grows slowly, but in some cases aggressive growth of prostate cancer is seen.  From the prostate the cancer cells may spread to other parts of the body, specially bones and lymph nodes. Prostate cancer may cause difficulty in urinating ,problems during sexual intercourse, pain or erectile dysfunction. Other than this problems increase in the later stages of this disease.

Types of Prostate Cancer

There are various types of prostate cancer which can occur in different parts of prostate. Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia is the precursor to prostate cancer, which is also seen in many different locations of prostate. There are many different kinds of prostate cancer but around 95% of times its is of type which is called as adenocarcinoma. It is the most widespread type because of which it has become synonym of term prostate cancer.  

  • Adenocarcinoma: peripheral zone which is the main glandular zone of the prostate , is the most common site of prostate order to derive the meaning of the term adenocarcinoma we split it, Adeno means pertaining to a gland, and whilst carcinoma means cancer that develops in epithelial cells. Epithelial is the term which relates to the cells that surround the organs or glands of the body.
  • Small cell carcinoma: This type of cancer typically forms at nerve cells and is made up of small round cells. This type of prostate cancer is very aggressive in nature and it is harder to detect it as it does not lead to an increase in prostate specific antigens.therefore at the time of detection it is already in advanced form.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma: As in small cell carcinoma there is no increase in prostate specific antigens when it is present and it is non glandular cancer. This type of cancer is also very aggressive in nature. There are also some other rare forms of prostate cancer which includes sarcomas and transitional cell carcinoma. The transitional cell carcinoma develops rarely in the prostate but it is derived from primary tumor present in the bladder or urethra.

Causes of Prostate Cancer:

There is no specific cause of prostate cancer. The basic risk factor includes family history and age, it is very uncommon in men those are younger than 45, but gradually with increasing age it becomes common. At the time of diagnosis the average age is 70 years. Risk of having prostate cancer is  double for the men who have first degree family member with prostate cancer than in men without prostate cancer in the family.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

This disease is accompanied by number of unique symptoms because of the location of the prostate in the body. Due to cancer, as the prostate enlarges the urethra is pinched tighter within the prostate. Because of the narrow tube it becomes much harder for urine to make its way through urethra and out of the body. This results in four primary  urinary problems which are:

  • Frequency of urination: urinating much more often than normal
  • Not being able to urinate
  • Urgency for urination – having a sensation that you need to urinate immediately.
  • Pain or burning during urination
  • Nocturia – it is the problem when you need to get up to urinate multiple times during the night.
  • Hesitancy – it is the difficulty suffered in starting the urine stream.

These symptoms are direct result of urethra being pinched closed by enlarged prostate. Some other less common symptoms are:

  • Blood in the urine and the semen
  • Impotence that is new onset erectile dysfunction
  • Severe pain in bone majorly in lower back ,hips or ribs.
  • Loss of bladder control

Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer:

Many tests can be done to determine if someone is suffering from prostate cancer. The Medical health history of the patient is checked before any other diagnosis.the test which are needed to diagnose prostate cancer are:

  • PSA (prostate specific antigen) test of blood
  • DRE– Digital Rectal Examination and Transrectal ultrasound is also performed in order to aid diagnosis
  • To determine the stage of cancer, imaging studies like bone CT scan or MRI scan
  • Urinalysis
  • Urine Flow Rate
  • Transrectal Ultrasound and Prostate Biopsy
  • Abdominal Ultrasound
  • Cystoscopy

Types of Prostate Surgery

The expert team of doctors decide the type of surgery to be performed which depends on the diagnosis and the severity of the cancer . the treatment can be non invasive procedure without hospitalization or it can be standard surgeries necessitating hospital stay.

  • Noninvasive Procedures: This procedure is conducted on outpatient basis and does not require anesthesia, this procedure includes:
    • PVP which is photoselective vaporization of the prostate
    • TUIP that is transurethral incision of the prostate
    • TUNA that is transurethral needle ablation
    • TUMT (transurethral microwave thermotherapy).
    • TUVP (transurethral electrovaporization of the prostate)
  • Invasive Surgeries: this type of surgery involves hospital stay and general anesthesia is given to the patient. This procedure includes:
    • TURP (transurethral resection of the prostate)
    • Open prostatectomy,in which the surgeon removes the prostate through a small incision made in the lower abdomen.

Types of Prostate Cancer Surgery

Depending on the patients health condition , age , expected life span , stage and grade of cancer the type of treatment procedure is selected. Prostate cancer can be treated in many ways. In some conditions even combinations of treatments can be used. Prostate cancer surgery can be of following types:

  • Radical Prostatectomy ( Open and Laparoscopy Both )
  • Robotic Prostatectomy ( Da Vinci Technology)
  • Laser Surgery for Prostate Cancer ( Holmium Laser )
  • HIFU ( High Intensity Frequency Ultrasound)
  • Green Light Laser (PVP Technology)
  • Brachytherapy ( Seed Guided Radiation)

Prostate Cancer Surgery in India

India is recognised as one of the best medical destination for prostate cancer surgery. Vaidam which is NABH certified medical tourism adviser helps you to get complete knowledge on Prostate Cancer – Surgical and Cost in India. The surgeons in India are highly qualified and have years of experience and are affiliated in many renowned medical organizations.The hospitals in India are well equipped with advanced medical treatment and methodologies and all this is available at much reasonable costs as compared to other countries.

All you need to do is send your enquiry on the Vaidam’s portal or give a call and expert medical adviser will get in touch with you to provide you with all the needed information and assistance.

Cleft Lip and Palate

Why are babies born with Cleft Lip and Palate?


Approximately 70 percent of infants are diagnosed with cleft lip and palate every year. Genetic variants and environmental factors are mainly responsible for such kinds of disorders in newborns. Let’s discuss what it is, its causes and how it is treated.

Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate: Overview! 

Cleft means ‘gap’. A cleft lip is a congenital split in the upper lip on either or both sides of the center. In the same way, cleft palate is an opening in the roof of the mouth till the nose. Cleft lip is often associated with cleft palate. They are common birth defects, however, they are also linked with genetics or syndromes.

A baby born with such defects can be corrected by various surgical procedures that restore normal functionalities and appearance with minimal scarring. If your baby has such form of a defect and you’re planning to get him/her treated, then India is a hub of affordable medical treatment. Take support of a well-established medical travel assistant company for budget-friendly cleft lip surgery cost in India.

What could be its possible symptoms?

Usually, it is noticed as soon as the child is born. It may be recognized as:

  • A gap in the lip or roof of the mouth (palate) on either or both sides of the face.
  • A gap in the lip which is in the form of either a small notch in the lip or an extension from the lip till the upper gum and palate in the bottom of the nose.
  • A gap in the roof of the mouth. However, it doesn’t affect the outer appearance of the face.

In rare cases, a cleft is in the muscles of the soft palate at the back of the mouth and covered by the mouth’s lining. Mostly, this kind of cleft goes unnoticed at the time of birth which develops later. It can be noticed by the following signs or symptoms:

  • Difficulty while feedings
  • Difficulty while swallowing that results in plenty of liquids and foods to come out of the nose
  • Severe ear infections
  • Nasal speaking voice

What are the circumstances responsible for such situations?

This defect occurs when tissues in the baby’s face and mouth don’t merge properly. These tissues usually fuse in the second and third months of pregnancy. But in babies with such defects, the fusion never happens that results in an opening.

After conducting a survey, it has been concluded that genetics and environmental factors are equally responsible for such kind of disorder. The mother or father pass on to the gene that can develop cleft. In other cases, the baby inherits a gene that causes clefting and then, an environmental factor further triggers the clefting to occur.

What are the risk factors involved?

There are many risk factors that may increase the possibilities of developing a cleft lip and palate in a baby. It includes:

  • Family History: If it runs in the family, then a baby has higher chances of developing cleft lip and palate.
  • Diabetes: If a woman is diagnosed with diabetes before or during pregnancy, then her baby is likely to develop this disorder.
  • Obese: Studies say that obese women are likely to give birth to babies with such defects.
  • Other factors: If a pregnant woman smokes, drinks alcohol, then her baby is likely to born with cleft lip or palate.

Boys babies are prone to develop cleft lip with or without cleft palate. However, cleft palate without cleft lip is common in females.

Cleft lip and cleft palate disorder are commonly found in Native Americans as compared to African Americans.

What are the complications associated with cleft lip and palate? 

  • Feeding is one of the common problems that a baby has to undergo immediately after birth. A baby born with cleft lip faces less feeding difficulties as compared to a baby born with a cleft palate.
  • Babies with cleft palate are at a higher risk of developing severe ear infections and hearing loss.
  • If the cleft expands till the upper gum, then various dental problems occur such as tooth development.
  • As the palate has a crucial role in sounds formation, therefore children may face difficulty in the development of normal voice. It may sound too nasal.

And, these problems definitely lead to several behavioral, emotional or social problems which lower down a child’s self-confidence. Therefore, it should be treated within a year.


While in many cases, the exact reason is still unknown. Parents should consider genetic counseling before taking steps for family planning. Take prenatal vitamins with a doctor’s prescription before getting pregnant. Stop consumption of alcohol or tobacco during pregnancy in order to avoid such defects.


Need to Know Types, Causes and Symptoms of Cancer?


Cancer is definitely not a solitary malady however a class of sicknesses which are normally described by irregular and crazy development in the human body cells. These irregular cell development prompts attack of other ordinary cells around them prompting their annihilation. The harmful cells partition in a wild design and structure bumps or tissue masses known as tumors. These tumors influence the body part where they develop and disturb their ordinary working. The harmful cells likewise spread to different parts of the body through blood or lymph and create additional cell obliteration.

Oncologists are doctors or scientists who learn about the conclusion, treatment and beyond any doubt of disease. The investigation of disease is without anyone else’s input known as oncology.

How to effective cancer?

The infection carcer kills a great many people around the globe consistently. It is unsafe and dangerous when it creates as tumors and begins spreading around. The cells may travel through the body through lymph frameworks or the blood and can obliterate the other solid cells in the body. Such a procedure is known attack and influences other inside organs other than its place of harmful cause. Such a tumor, that develops, attacks and spreads annihilating different tissues is known as a metastasized tumor and is an intense condition which is on occasion past treatment levels.

Symptoms of Cancer

  • Skin changes, such as: A new mole or a change in an existing mole. …
  • Breast changes, such as: …
  • A thickening or lump on or under the skin.
  • Hoarseness or cough that does not go away.
  • Changes in bowel habits.
  • Difficult or painful urination.
  • Problems with eating, such as: …
  • Weight gain or loss with no known reason.

Some Types of Cancer You Should Know About:

  1. Anal:- An inch and a half long rear-end connects the digestive organ to the section through which stool is discharged. Any tumor which isn’t favorable in nature that happens here can be harmful. This will cause dying, and you may watch release or bump arrangement.
  2. Bone:  The most widely recognized kind of this sickness setup is named as Osteosarcoma and it happens generally to people matured between 10 to 30 years old. The tumor by and large begins from the arms or pelvis or the leg bones. Chondrosarcoma is another variation of the bone malignancy which is influences the ligament tissues.
  3. Breast: This is another serious kind of cancer that happens in the bosom tissues of both female and male. A dangerous tumor shaped by harmful cells is framed which at that point becomes wild and metastasize or begins spreading to different parts of the body.
  4. Cervical: The lower some portion of the uterus that interfaces the upper piece of the uterus with the vagina is named as cervix. The cells of cervix demonstrate some pre-changes which if not treated in time prompts cervical malignant growth. Through the Pap test the specialists can decide whether the cervix cells are demonstrating the manifestations of pre-destructive side effects.
  5. Stomach: The coating of stomach is influenced by this sort of disease for a since a long time ago, unnoticed timeframe. The pre-dangerous changes are regularly in secret and that is the reason the disease isn’t identified early.

Knowing the most common symptoms of cancer doctor in Chennai and checking yourself at the doctor if any of those symptoms exist is important. By doing so, cancer can be found earlier and the survival rate will be higher.

liver disease

What are the early possible signs of liver problems?


Are you alcoholic or non-alcoholic? If alcoholic, then what is your intake amount?

Have you ever thought how can excess liquor affect your liver? Let’s discuss it.  

A liver, being the largest organ in the body, damaged due to over-consumption of alcohol or severe infections like hepatitis B and C could lead to cirrhosis.

Did you know?

In the United States, more than 31,000 people die of cirrhosis liver every year. More than 40 percent of alcoholic hepatitis cases turn into cirrhosis in case of excess liquor. This leads to a number of deaths and serious illnesses.

What is liver disease?

Liver disease can happen due to genetics or certain factors such as virus or alcohol. Overweight and obese are also associated with liver disease. If liver damage lasts long, then it could also lead to liver failure.

What are its associated symptoms or signs?

One has to be alert while facing the following symptoms and consult a good doctor immediately:

  • Yellowish skin and eyes which means jaundice
  • Severe abdominal pain as well as swelling
  • Dark yellowish color of urine
  • Swollen legs and ankles
  • Tar-colored or bloody stool
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Nausea
  • Loss in appetite

If these worrying signs persist longer, then make an appointment with a good liver specialist. There are several best hepatology hospitals in India with a well-qualified team of hepatologists. Get in touch with them to get treated as soon as possible.

What are its possible causes?

There are many causes which could lead to liver damage. Some of them are:

Infections: Once viruses or parasites enter into your body, they act fastly. This leads to inflammation, thereby, making liver dysfunctional. These viruses can contact you via semen, blood, contaminated food or water, a person who is already infected. Hepatitis A, B or C due to hepatitis virus are the common types of liver infections.

Abnormal Immune System: A condition develops when the immune system attacks the liver. Chronic abdominal pain, joint pain or fatigue are some of the known signs an infected person develops. This condition is known as autoimmune liver disease. Autoimmune hepatitis is one of its types that has 83.8% to 94% of chances of 10-year survival rate, if diagnosed early.

Genetics: If a liver disease runs in your family, then you have strong chances of having liver infections. Such diseases are Hemochromatosis, Wilson’s disease and Alpha-1 anti-trypsin deficiency.

What are the relevant risk factors that can easily infect one’s liver?

There are many factors that can infect the liver such as:

  • Diabetes
  • Unprotected sex
  • Exposure to environmental pollutants
  • Tattoos
  • Piercings
  • Shared needles for injecting drugs
  • Heavy consumption of liquor

What changes can help you prevent from liver disease?


  • Limit your liquor consumption: If you drink heavily, then it’s high time to limit its intake. Women must have one drink a day while it could be up to two drinks for men. It’s a tensed situation if a woman intakes more than eights drinks per week and a man has more than 15 drinks every week.
  • Healthy Lifestyle: It is important to follow a healthy lifestyle, diet and regular exercise routine. Also, drink eight ounces of water every day.
  • Avoid exposure to environmental pollutants: When you use pesticides or other toxin chemicals, always cover your nose and mouth as you may inhale them while spraying.
  • Avoid contact with infected people: Hepatitis viruses are contagious, therefore, protect yourself from used needles, infected peoples’ blood or body fluids.
  • Vaccination: if you’re prone to get infected with a hepatitis virus, talk to your doctor and get vaccinated immediately.


Final Thoughts:

If you’re on medications, take recommendations from the doctor first. Don’t do over-the-counter drugs. Also, avoid alcohol when you’re on medications. Your health is your concern, not anyone else’s.

cardiac surgeon in india

What are the major heart surgeries?


Cardiology is the medical branch that deals with the heart related diseases and abnormalities. And are treated by doctors know as cardiologist. In india the doctors have excelled a lot when it comes to cardiac surgery ,with the higher skills adding degrees and training from the top most medical institutes and the years of experience they have gained. Some of them are also known worldwide for their surgical skills.

There are three types of cardiac operations:

  1. Extra cardiac operations
  2. Closed intra cardiac operations
  3. Open cardiac operations

Indications for surgery

Surgery for coronary artery disease may be indicated for symptomatic or prognostic reasons .the decision to advise CABG is based on the balance between the expected benefit and the risk that the patient faces .Some of the of the principles indication are chest pain, decreased blood flow in the coronary arteries, significant left main coronary artery stenosis,three vessel disease, two vessel disease with significant proximal LAD stenosis, left main equivalant.

Investigation of Cardiac

  • ECG

Preparation for surgery

Clinical assessment

Before the surgery,the severity and stability of the patient’s IHD, the presence of significant valvular disease and the status of left ventricular function should be properly evaluated.any comorbid risk factors for IHD should be documented and, in particular , the state of coexisting disease assessed.attention is paid to the presence of carotid artery diseases ,peripheral vascular disease, respiratory status, presence of diabetic complications ,significant renal dysfunction or coagulopathy . All medications taken by the patients are noted.

Risk Assessment

Risk assessment can be calculated using various scoring systems developed for cardiac surgery, including the Euro SCORE and PARSONNET .The common scoring systems stratify risk factors that are recognised which are associated with poor outcome after surgery. An rough guess of operative mortality  can be calculated and allows informed consent by the patient.

Postoperative Recovery

The majority of patients extubated a few hours after returning  from the surgery and remain in the ICU for 24 hrs or so. In some centres fast tracking appropriate patients allows earlier transfer to the recovery area or high dependency unit HDU. discharge is routinely 5-8 days after surgery.

Best Cardiac Surgeons In India | Vaidam Health

Vaidam as your medical travel partner helps you to connect with Best cardiac surgeon in India which gives quality treatment by using latest techniques that help you to recover in shortest time possible. Vaidam is ISO certified platform that gives you a complete list of best surgeons so that you can select the best one for yourself, some of the best cardiologist in India are:


  • Dr. Ashok Seth: Cardiac Surgeon

Chairman , MBBS, MD, FRCP, MRCP, Fellowship, 38 years of experience.He has been featured in the “LIMCA” Book of records for performing one of the highest numbers of angiographies and angioplasties in the world. He is the first cardiologist in Asia Pacific region to perform an Angioscopy and directional Atherectomy.

  • Dr. Krishna S Iyer: Pediatric Cardiologist 

Director , MBBS, MS, MCh, 30 years of experience.He has been the founder President of Asia-Pacific Paediatric Cardiac Society and has also the President of Paediatric Cardiac Society of India. He has over a hundred of research publications in both national and international journals.



  • Dr. Naresh Trehan: Cardiac Surgeon 

Chairman , MBBS, 40 years of experience.Performed over 48000  heart surgeries.Awarded the Padma Shri, Padma Bhushan and Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award and many more prestigious awards.Expertises Cardiomyoplasty, myocardial total arterial revascularization, transmyocardial laser revascularization, Reduction ventriculoplasty (Batista Operation), Heart port access surgery and robotically assisted cardiac surgery.


  • Dr. Ajay Kaul: Cardiac Surgeon
    Chairman , MBBS, MS, MCh, Fellowship, 36 years of experience.Dr Kaul is a versatile surgeon whose surgical skills include total Arterial coronary bypass surgery, Paediatric cardiac surgery, Valve repairs, Surgery for aneurysm and Surgery for cardiac failure. He is also well – trained for heart transplants and ventricular assist devices.He is an active member of organizations like Cardiological Society of India and Association of Cardiothoracic Surgery of India.

Recovery After knee replacement surgery


Recovery After knee replacement surgery

A knee replacement surgery is a surgical procedure that involves the replacement of the weight-bearing surfaces of the knee. This is done to relieve pain and treat the disability. The surgery is also known as knee arthroscopy. The knee replacement surgery is of 2 types – total knee replacement and partial knee replacement. The total knee replacement involves the substitution of the entire knee joint with an artificial one and the partial knee replacement consists of replacement of only the damaged part of the joint, in which the surgeon removes a part of bone and cartilage from the area of the damaged knee. The thigh bone is replaced with a metal implant while the shinbone is replaced by a plastic insertion.

When is the knee replacement surgery recommended?

The surgery can be recommended in any type of cases, where there are pain and dysfunction involved with the knees. However, most of the time the patients having osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis arthritis, any case of trauma or injury are advised to have their knees replaced. Some of the other main causes involve meniscus tearing, the cartilage defects, and a ligament tear.

What happens in a knee replacement surgery?

Before the procedure

During the pre-operative appointment, the surgeon takes a complete medical history and conducts the required physical examinations and other routine investigations needed to be done before the surgery. This also includes the x-ray of the knees. Other than this, the patient is asked if he takes any blood thinner such as aspirin and similar medications. His entire history of infection or bleeding disorder is also taken.

If the patient is taking any blood thinners, he is advised to stop taking them 24 hours before the surgery. The patient is also advised not to eat anything for 8 hours before the surgery. During the preparation of the surgery, the patient is administered anesthesia, which may be general or spinal anesthesia. General anesthesia will make the patient entirely unconscious, whereas the spinal anesthesia has its effect only on the lower body.

Sometimes the patient is also given antibiotics intravenously before the procedure to prevent any post-surgical infection. Some surgeons also prefer the give a local nerve block around the knee area to further facilitate the surgery.

During the procedure

The knee replacement surgery in India continues for at least 1 to 2 hours. One way of doing the surgery is making a cut in front of the knee, which is around 8-10 inch in length. The damaged part is removed of the joint and also the bones surrounding the joint. This is followed by the replacement of the artificial joint by the damaged bone.

Another way is the minimally invasive technique in which a shorter incision is made which is of 4-6 inches, creating lesser damage to the muscles involved. Moreover, there is faster recovery after the surgery.

After the surgery

Most of the knee replacement surgeries are a part of day-care procedures. After the surgery, the patient is taken to the ward for 1-2 hours for the recovery. In some cases, the patient may also be admitted to the hospital for a couple of days.

The surgery is followed by the prescription of some pain-relieving medications by the doctor. These medications are given for any pain that occurs due to the inflammation that happens after the surgery. The patient is also encouraged to do physical therapy with the help of a trainer. This helps is the faster recovery of the knee. Sometimes the patient is advised to wear the compression boots to avoid swelling and clotting of the wound.  

The recovery period after the surgery

Just after the patient is discharged from the hospital, he/she is advised to start walking with the help of crutches or canes if needed and eventually without any aid. It is a must to exercise for at least 2 months after the surgery under a trained physiotherapy. The patient is also supposed to take all the medications prescribed to him. It is possible to have mild to moderate swelling around the knee, which may go on for 3-6 weeks. The patients are advised to use the ice pack for compression and elevate the legs while lying down.

There are several factors that affect the recovery time of the patient. These include:

Obesity – Sometimes, if obese people do not exercise or involve themselves in physical activity, they tend to have reduced chances of recovery. Other than that, the success rate is almost the same for everyone.

Age – In elderly people, the body is unable to adapt with changes happened within. It gets difficult for the body to accept any external substance without any immune reaction. This hampers the recovery of the knee replacement surgery.

Delay in the surgery – The recovery period of the surgery keeps increasing with the amount of time taken to decide for the surgery. This is because more damage has happened to the joint before the surgery is planned.

For most of the patients, there is a huge relief and improvement in knee mobility. As per the top 10 orthopedic surgeons in India, most of the surgeries tend to last for around 15-20 years if taken proper care of.

The operation typically involves substantial postoperative pain, and includes vigorous physical rehabilitation. The recovery period may be 6 weeks or longer and may involve the use of mobility aids (e.g. walking frames, canes, crutches) to enable the patient’s return to preoperative mobility.

Heart Bypass Surgery CABG Cost In India


Heart Bypass surgery (CABG) treats coronary heart disease with a surgical process. It improves blood flow and oxygen supply to the heart by diverting blood around narrowed or clogged parts of the major arteries. A surgeon uses blood vessels taken from another area of your body – usually the chest, leg or arm to repair the damaged arteries. The factors which are risky are mainly because of lifestyle that include:

  • saturated fats intake diet
  • Smoking cigarette
  • Obesity
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Family history of heart disease.

Treatment In India | Vaidam Health
Planning to get a treatment in India to add more years to your loved ones life you can trust Vaidam Health for all your queries. Vaidam Health Is ISO Certified platform which provides you all the information of Heart Bypass Surgery cost In India .You can submit your details in the inquiry section and Vaidam will provide a Personal Medical assistant which will help you by taking appointments for you and will provide you all the needed information and will help you with billing related queries.

Vaidam is a one shot solution for all your medical requirements In India.Patient spends around 8 days in the hospital and approximately 12 days outside the hospital.Because of the advanced equipment’s and advanced techniques like minimal invasive surgeries, the Heart Bypass Surgeries in India have achieved a great success in India.Tests required for determining CABG are Echocardiography, EKG (electrocardiogram), Blood Tests, Chest X-Ray and Coronary Angiography. Expert medical practitioners of India with all the latest techniques helps you to recover in the shortest time possible. A complete care with best services is provided In best hospitals recommended by Vaidam Health.

Different Types Of Bypass Surgeries : Doctors will recommend a certain type of bypass surgery depending on how many of your arteries are blocked.when only one artery is blocked it is single bypass surgery ,when two arteries are blocked it is double bypass surgery, when three arteries are blocked then it is triple bypass surgery, when four arteries blocked it is quadruple bypass surgery.

Why Do You Need Heart Bypass Surgery: Bypass surgery treats symptoms of coronary heart disease. When inside arteries a plague is build up that is a waxy substance which blocks blood and oxygen from reaching the heart .You may feel things like:

  • Chest pain, which is known as angina
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Shortness of breath

Cost Of Treatment in India

Vaidam Health is NABH certified which helps you to know the estimated cost of treatment by using the cost calculator , so that you can plan your treatment within your budget . The best of services are provided to you by Vaidam , also your treatment packages include luxuries stay and visit to the main attractions of the country.

India is one of the best medical tourism country because of the low treatment cost as compared to the other countries. With no compromise in the treatment quality and services it is the best medical tourist place.

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All you need to do is send your query in the Inquiry section or give a call on +91 965 000 1746 ,WHATS APP / VIBER +91 965 000 1746  

Our expert medical assistant will contact you as soon as they receive your query, and will provide you with all the details of the information needed and will give you best treatment plan within your budget.