The breast is the commonest site of tumor in woman. Cancer of the breast is a leading cause of death amongst woman aged between 40-44 years. It occurs 100 times more frequently in woman than men, its incidence increase with age and is responsible for about 23% of all new cancer cases among women. More than a 1,100,000 cases occur annually worldwide, out of which about 410,000 die with same period.It occurs more in industrialized countries and tend to affect the affluent people more than the general population. It is the frequent amongst the Indians.
The Tumor, Nude, and muscular involvement (TNM) staging is used for the classification of the cancer. Examination is mostly by inspection, palpation (touching), blood tests for hormone receptor/tumor markers, and by Radiological investigations (scan, mammogram, chest x-ray, MRI etc) Mammogram is not always advice for those less than 30 years of age.
Develop the attitude of regular self breast examination by inspection and touching. Know your normal relation to their sizes, shape, direction/state of the nipples, texture/ulcers on the breasts, discharges any presence of lump9(s).
Radiological investigations help us to differentiate begins from malignant (cancer) tumors, and also for their staging:
Stages 0-3: These are the early (metastases) to distant organs.
From stage 4 and above, metastases occur, and the common secondary target organs/association symptoms are:
Bones: Leading to aches, weakness.
Lungs: Cough, breathlessness, chest pain and discomfort.
Ovaries: bloated/pain, at time vaginal bleeding and discharge.
Liver/Stomach: Abdominal pain, digestion problem.
Brain: Seizures, memory loss, fainting and vision problems.
Treatment options depend on;
Note that major improvement in surgical rate has yet been by current treatment options for advanced malignant cases .Some progress rapidly even when diagnosed at an apparently early stage and others surviving for 20 years even after metastases. I all, surgical removal of the tumor at an early stage is advised; this constant self breast examination for early detection is the key.
Stanislaus Okwor is the Chief Editor @ http://www.greenhealthblog.com
Columbia Asia Hospital- Palam Vihar, Gurgaon
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