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Category Archives for Baby Care

Cleft Lip and Palate

Why are babies born with Cleft Lip and Palate?

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Approximately 70 percent of infants are diagnosed with cleft lip and palate every year. Genetic variants and environmental factors are mainly responsible for such kinds of disorders in newborns. Let’s discuss what it is, its causes and how it is treated.

Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate: Overview! 

Cleft means ‘gap’. A cleft lip is a congenital split in the upper lip on either or both sides of the center. In the same way, cleft palate is an opening in the roof of the mouth till the nose. Cleft lip is often associated with cleft palate. They are common birth defects, however, they are also linked with genetics or syndromes.

A baby born with such defects can be corrected by various surgical procedures that restore normal functionalities and appearance with minimal scarring. If your baby has such form of a defect and you’re planning to get him/her treated, then India is a hub of affordable medical treatment. Take support of a well-established medical travel assistant company for budget-friendly cleft lip surgery cost in India.

What could be its possible symptoms?

Usually, it is noticed as soon as the child is born. It may be recognized as:

  • A gap in the lip or roof of the mouth (palate) on either or both sides of the face.
  • A gap in the lip which is in the form of either a small notch in the lip or an extension from the lip till the upper gum and palate in the bottom of the nose.
  • A gap in the roof of the mouth. However, it doesn’t affect the outer appearance of the face.

In rare cases, a cleft is in the muscles of the soft palate at the back of the mouth and covered by the mouth’s lining. Mostly, this kind of cleft goes unnoticed at the time of birth which develops later. It can be noticed by the following signs or symptoms:

  • Difficulty while feedings
  • Difficulty while swallowing that results in plenty of liquids and foods to come out of the nose
  • Severe ear infections
  • Nasal speaking voice

What are the circumstances responsible for such situations?

This defect occurs when tissues in the baby’s face and mouth don’t merge properly. These tissues usually fuse in the second and third months of pregnancy. But in babies with such defects, the fusion never happens that results in an opening.

After conducting a survey, it has been concluded that genetics and environmental factors are equally responsible for such kind of disorder. The mother or father pass on to the gene that can develop cleft. In other cases, the baby inherits a gene that causes clefting and then, an environmental factor further triggers the clefting to occur.

What are the risk factors involved?

There are many risk factors that may increase the possibilities of developing a cleft lip and palate in a baby. It includes:

  • Family History: If it runs in the family, then a baby has higher chances of developing cleft lip and palate.
  • Diabetes: If a woman is diagnosed with diabetes before or during pregnancy, then her baby is likely to develop this disorder.
  • Obese: Studies say that obese women are likely to give birth to babies with such defects.
  • Other factors: If a pregnant woman smokes, drinks alcohol, then her baby is likely to born with cleft lip or palate.

Boys babies are prone to develop cleft lip with or without cleft palate. However, cleft palate without cleft lip is common in females.

Cleft lip and cleft palate disorder are commonly found in Native Americans as compared to African Americans.

What are the complications associated with cleft lip and palate? 

  • Feeding is one of the common problems that a baby has to undergo immediately after birth. A baby born with cleft lip faces less feeding difficulties as compared to a baby born with a cleft palate.
  • Babies with cleft palate are at a higher risk of developing severe ear infections and hearing loss.
  • If the cleft expands till the upper gum, then various dental problems occur such as tooth development.
  • As the palate has a crucial role in sounds formation, therefore children may face difficulty in the development of normal voice. It may sound too nasal.

And, these problems definitely lead to several behavioral, emotional or social problems which lower down a child’s self-confidence. Therefore, it should be treated within a year.

Conclusion:

While in many cases, the exact reason is still unknown. Parents should consider genetic counseling before taking steps for family planning. Take prenatal vitamins with a doctor’s prescription before getting pregnant. Stop consumption of alcohol or tobacco during pregnancy in order to avoid such defects.

5 Urological Problems In Baby Boys

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You must have heard of prostate cancer, erectile dysfunction and other urological problems that hit males. Have you heard about urological problems in little boys or teens? Yes, they do experience their own unique set of problems. The best thing is that these problems don’t last long if detected early followed by timely treatment. In such kind of situations, a father plays an instrumental role by being a role model to his little, beautiful world.

Always remember your kids are watching and following your footsteps. You have to gain their confidence, build a bond between you and your child. Before visiting the doctor, tell them they will be healthy and stronger. Now, let’s discuss what could be the circumstances that your kid could face:

  • Undescended Testicles: This is the most common issue that is present at birth. It is mainly found in preemies which affects both testes. In many cases, this problem is ended on its own by the age of six months. If it doesn’t happen itself, it has to be surgically dropped by the age of one year. Make sure to get treated at the best pediatric urology hospital in India as it’s a matter of your kid’s life. It should be done timely else he has a tendency to develop cancer.  

 

  • Penile Abnormalities: Nowadays, this problem is quite common among baby boys with such deformities. It should be corrected else a boy may be unable to urinate properly or face sexual difficulties later. Hypospadias is one of the common abnormalities which include a urinary hole in the wrong position, a bend in the penis along with an incomplete foreskin. It should be surgically removed between the ages of six and 18 months when your child is unaware of such issues else it could lead to several self-confidence issues in him. Epispadias is another condition in which the hole is located on the upper side. Surgery is required in this case as well.

 

  • Testicular Torsion: When the boy is in his puberty phase, there are chances that he has heavy testicles. It is a condition of twisting of male organs that cut off the blood supply. This causes severe pain, swelling, or redness in the scrotum. The blood flow has to be restored quickly else your child may lose his testicle. This situation requires an emergency visit to the specialist.

 

  • Hydrocele: Some babies are born with fluid-filled scrotum called hydrocele. It usually ends on its own by the age of one. In some cases, the boys could develop hydroceles from an injury/trauma to the scrotum, a tumor or a sexually transmitted disease. Such kind of situations should be immediately treated.

 

  • Testicular Cancer: It is commonly found in young men, therefore it is advisable to get regularly tested from ages 15 to 35. A swelling or lump in either of the testicles, a feel of discomfort, pain or heaviness are some of the symptoms that should not be ignored. Around 95 percent of cases are curable and it is 98-100 percent if detected early.

Final Thoughts:

Being a parent, it is really important to gain trust of your child so that he would be able to share such problems with you. If you find any of the urological problems, it is advisable to get him treated as soon as possible. Don’t let it lower your kid’s self-confidence and affect his future.

Pediatrician, Child Specialist in Jaipur

Common Childhood illnesses and Their Treatments

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It is quite common for children to have sickness. This chapter describes ordinary or common diseases.

40 percent of India’s population is less than 14 years of age. About 12 children of every hundred children are actually under 5 years of age. Disease and death dominate more with younger age. Out of 100 born children, 5 are born before completing one year of their age. This death rate of children is significantly higher than the mortality rates of developed countries. In developed countries, this rate is less than one percent. If we look at the pattern of length and weight of Indian children and their diseases, then we know that their health is not good either. The growth of about 40 percent of Indian children has not improved and they are malnourished.

The poor health of children and the deaths of children in India is the only bad condition of living. Due to these conditions, conditions of malnutrition, infection, disease and accidents are created. In most communities of India, there is even more difficult situations for boys than birth. It is also a great problem for the girl to know about the pregnancy when she is abducted, and to finish the girl immediately after birth or to throw it out on a cudden. Malnutrition, illness, lack of care and deaths are also seen in the case of girls. For this reason, the gender ratio in India is less than the number of girls compared to men or boys.

In spite of having large-scale illnesses in children, there is a lack of children’s health services. Most health workers and private medical practitioners of rural areas are not trained for children’s health services. Anganwadi programs run for the care of special children are also limited to complementary nutrition and immunization. Apart from this, many children are born in homes and newborn babies are not well cared for. In India 30 percent of children are losing weight while they are born and they have to struggle a lot to stay alive. This chapter will help you to understand the health of children’s health.

A list of children’s diseases

  • Digestive System

Problems of getting out of teeth, headache, vomiting and amatitis, diarrhea, dysentery, stomach ache, jaundice, cremation, motijara, dohad, constipation and accident to poison.

  • The respiratory system

Colds, tonsillitis, or swelling of throat, throat deterioration (swelling), vascular edema, bronchitis, pneumonia, tuberculosis, cardiovascular disease, asthma.

  • Skin

Sores, infected lesions, eczema, louse, palm (scabies), Dandru worm.

  • Eyes

Achious eye, ulcers in cornea, night blindness, difficulty in seeing and adoring

  • Ear

External ear infections, foam in the outer ear, waxing in the ear, infection of the middle arteries and deafness.

  • The nervous system

Inflammatory edema, cerebral edema, tetanus, polio, epilepsy and mentally undeveloped. Heart and transmission: Diseases of congenital worms and valves

  • Skeletal system

Foot-shaped disturbances, disorders of other bones and joints, rickets, bone infections, muscle depletion due to malnutrition, muscular disorders.

  • Blood

Dermatitis Anemia, anemia, malaria, cancer and blood disorders related to iron deficiency

  • Lymphatic fibers

Filariarias, cancer, throat bumps and viruses.

  • Harmon

Diabetes, Diarrhea, Pneumatic Disease and Inhibition in Growth

  • Genitourinary system

Renal inflammation (renal edema), epidermal syndrome, bladder infection, urethritis, stomach and urination.

  • Male enzyme system

Absence of testicularity completely, lack of testis and sterile light.

  • Female genital organ

Less developed ovaries or uterus

  • Other diseases

Measles, rubella, small maternal ancestry, malnutrition, premature birth, weight loss at birth.

  • Accidents

Injury, burning, bitten by some insects, drowning, electric shock, running an external thing in the ear or nose or moving in toxins. This list is for making a thick understanding only. You will read about many diseases in other chapters. Only a few specific diseases have been discussed in this chapter. In childhood the digestive system, respiratory system and skin diseases are the most. Malnutrition also increases due to worms in the body. It is not enough to give medication for the disease. In order to protect the health of children and save them from death, we should also focus on defending diseases and treating them in the beginning. Nutrition, hygiene and vaccination are very important.

  • Pneumonia

Pneumonia affects the lung tissues. The reason for this is usually bacterial infections. Virus infection is very rare. Transition occurs by air. Pneumonia causes inflammation in any part of the lungs. This makes the child breathe fast. Inflammation leads to cough, fever and other symptoms such as starvation, vomiting, and excessive weakness. A healthy child usually does not have pneumonia. Normally pneumonia occurs when the body’s immune deficiency is weakened by any other illness. Children recovering from measles or any virus respiratory system, malnourished children, premature babies and low-weight children are more prone to pneumonia. Specific rescue is not possible. Child pneumonia is a serious disease in India. This beam to any child less than five years old.

If you need to consult with best Pediatrician in Jaipur then you can find it on Credihealth website or you can call on +918010994994, if you want any medical assistant then medical experts of Credi will help you to choose the right child specialist near you and book an appointment online with priority appointment and get discounts with paytm cashback on booking done through Credihealth website or mobile app.