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Guideline on Total Knee Replacement Surgery

Guideline on Total Knee Replacement Surgery

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What are the benefits and risks of Knee Replacement Surgery?

After a bike injury 10 years ago, Ayush, a professional racer got arthritis in his right knee. As the knee pain progressed, Ayush had to give up racing as walking and running became harder. His knee doctor in Bangalore advised him to undergo knee replacement surgery.

Getting a knee surgery is a major life event as you have to submit a few months to pain after the operation, limited movements and rehabilitation. And like any knee surgery, it’s important to know the risks and benefits carefully of knee replacement. Before that let’s understand who can get a knee replacement done?

An ideal knee surgery candidate should meet the following conditions

  • Overall good health
  • Average or better physical fitness
  • Not overweight
  • Motivated to work through intensive physical therapy and ReHab
  • Younger in age (under 65)
  • Has support at home for recovery

Benefits of Total Knee Replacement Surgery

Knee PainA knee replacement is the most effective treatment for knees. People who went to this surgery are able to do their daily activities comfortably without feeling any pain. Research also showed that knee replacement surgery has a 95 % success rate in most patients.

Pain Relief: Knee operation like knee replacement surgery,  knee arthroscopy, and knee cap surgery can reduce excruciating and chronic knee pain experienced while walking, running, standing, or even when you are sitting or lying down. Knee operation efficiently alleviates knee pain.

Smooth and improved mobility: Knee pain is responsible for preventing you from walking long distances. Total knee replacement can increase mobility and reduce pain in people who have an injured or arthritic knee joint. Knee replacement surgery improves mobility by relieving you from knee pain, arthritis joint stiffness and easing daily activities such as walking, climbing stairs, standing and sitting.

Better treatment response: Even if the initial days after the TKR surgery is painful, it may be a good option if chronic inflammation and swelling don’t reduce with rest, anti-inflammatory medications, lubricating injections, and physical therapy. Research suggests that long term use of some types of medications, especially opioid pain relievers, can cause complications like addiction and physical dependence. Knee implant surgery or knee transplant surgery reduces the need for medications, physical therapy, and other surgeries.

Minimally Invasive Surgery: Knee Replacement surgery or knee arthroplasty can also be performed with a minimally invasive technique. During minimally invasive surgery, a small incision is made for the surgery around (8-10cm). This means your recovery time will be faster than other conventional knee surgeries. Upon knee doctor’s advice, you may resume normal activities in 2-3 months.

Risks of Total Knee Replacement

Joint replacement and knee replacement carry the same risks and complications as other major surgeries, for example-like a chance of infections or blood clots. Common risks of knee replacement surgery are:

Infection

  Any surgical wound is susceptible to bacterial infection. You should take proper care of the wound to avoid signs of infection. Watch out for the following signs of infections:

  • redness
  • swelling
  • warmth
  • discharge from the surgical site
  • fever and chills

If an infection arises, call your doctor immediately

Bleeding

Although, bleeding during and after surgery is considered to be normal, if you lose too much blood during the surgery you may need a transfusion.

Blood clots

The blood clot is one of the major complications of knee surgery. If surgery damages a blood vessel or you can’t move for several days after the procedure, a blood clot may form.

What to expect after your knee replacement surgery?

So, you have had your knee replacement surgery  and now you are spending a lot of time thinking about your recovery. Questions like “when can I resume my regular activities?”, “What are the do’s and don’ts after the surgery?’’ and “What lifestyle should I follow after my knee surgery?’ And so on. We at CureConsult understand your need to get the right information on surgery, recovery, lifestyle after knee surgery and complications, and we are going to offer you some ‘must-know” info (including complications) on what to expect after your knee replacement surgery

Pain and Swelling: Every person and every joint is different. Hence, it is important that you carefully monitor your pain right after your knee surgery. You may experience mild to severe pain after the surgery. You may also experience moderate to severe swelling in the first few days or weeks after knee transplant surgery. Sometimes, swelling may last for 3 to 6 months. Your knee doctor or knee specialist may advise you to wear stockings and apply ice to help reduce swelling and pain. Also, notify your doctor if you experience severe pain and swelling as it could be signs of blood clots.

Weight management and exercises: Gaining weight after knee replacement surgery or any other knee surgery  is common as your overall physical activity is limited during the first few months of recovery. Keeping your weight down will help you get the most out of your knee implant surgery. It will also reduce your chances of needing revisions to your artificial knee or a replacement for your other knee. Low-impact activities, such as walking, swimming and golfing will help you manage your weight and stay fit. However, it is also important to eat healthy, by not paying attention to your calorie intake you can increase weight very fast.

Resuming Sexual Activity: One of the most common concerns after total knee replacement surgery and bilateral knee replacement surgery is dislocation. This can also turn into a medical emergency requiring you to return to the knee hospital. Most of the people reported knee pain, loss of motion and inability to kneel during sexual intercourse after the knee surgery. You should avoid extreme flexing of the knee during intercourse and to go slow and stop if you experience pain. Most knee surgeons advise their patients to avoid sexual activity for four-five weeks after the knee surgery. Make sure you have a detailed discussion with your knee specialist about sexual relations after total knee replacement procedure.

Reassessing Diet: Food plays an important role in your recovery and healing of surgical wounds. Eating the right foods after knee surgery can provide the right amount of protein required for skin healing around your wound and can prevent complications, such as constipation and high blood glucose. Constipation after surgery can increase pain and your chances of returning to the hospital during the recovery period. Make sure you incorporate protein and Vitamin C in your meals to allow your bones and muscles to rebuild and make your immune system strong enough to fight off infection.

Clothing and Wound Care: Caring for your wound is an important part of your recovery process to prevent infection and permanent scarring. Your doctor will advise you to wear long dresses and long pants in the initial days after surgery to protect wounds. Additionally, you must keep it clean and dry. Your surgeon will remove the dressing in your follow-up sessions. Follow any instructions your surgeon gives you for caring for your incision after the surgery. In case you there’s swelling and foul-smelling drainage from the would contact your doctor immediately.

Travel: Most of the knee doctors don’t recommend long flights for two-three months after knee replacement surgery as your knees may swell due to cabin pressure. In case you have to travel, be sure to get up and walk around a bit once an hour to help prevent blood clots from developing. Wear clothing that makes it easy to show your knee incision to security agents in the airport.

Life after knee replacement surgery is not a cakewalk. Always keep a watch on your artificial joint and avoid activities that can impact your knee for worse. Talk to your knee pain specialist in Bangalore if you have questions about activities and your body. He/she can help guide you to better understand your life — and lifestyle — after knee replacement surgery.

 Understanding the cost of knee surgery in Bangalore

 Bangalore, the capital of Karnataka is India’s 3rd most populous city of India. Apart from being the Silicon city of India, Bangalore is also earning a good reputation as a top medical center because of the affordable cost of top-class medical services at world-class health facilities. Additionally, India has the reputation of being the provider of best and affordable orthopedic care and services. A lot of foreign patients come to India and get operated in Bangalore as they can save as much as 60% -80% or more on their knee surgeries as compared with the US. However, there are a lot of factors that influence the cost of knee surgeries like knee replacement and knee arthroplasty. Apart from the geographical area.

Knee Surgery is performed to increase mobility and reduce the pain associated with knee injuries and diseases. Let’s deep dive into these factors before understanding the cost of knee surgery in Bangalore.

Types of Knee Surgery

Total Knee Replacement: During total knee replacement, your knee replacement surgeon removes some bone and cartilage from the areas of your bone and shine bone, where they meet at your knee joint. Your knee doctor will replace the knee area of your thigh bone with a metal implant and the knee area of your shinbone with a plastic implant.

Used to treat: Severe arthritis

Knee arthroscopy: During knee arthroscopy, your knee surgeon will make a very small cut and insert a tiny camera-called an arthroscope-into your knee. This allows him/her to view the inside area of the joint on the monitor. It is a minimally invasive procedure.

Used to treat: Problems in the knee joint and arthritis, swollen synovium, fractures in the knee bones, torn meniscus, torn anterior or posterior cruciate ligaments.

Partial knee replacement: Partial knee replacement surgery is carried on patients who are suffering from osteoarthritis. In this knee surgery, only the damaged area of the cartilage in the knee gets replaced. Partial knee replacement surgery is performed with smaller cuts than total knee replacement.

Used to treat: Osteoarthritis

Complex or revision knee replacement: This surgery is needed when you have a severe arthritis problem or if you have already had one knee replacement surgery but the implant from the underlying bone has loosened causing severe knee pain.

Used to treat: Wear and tear of knee implant and severe arthritis

Minimally invasive knee replacement surgery: This knee replacement surgery is different from other traditional knee replacement procedures. A knee surgeon will make a small incision where only fewer muscles are cut and detached. This type of knee surgery leads to lesser postoperative pain and reduced recovery time.

Used to treat: Arthritis

The cost of knee surgeries like knee replacement, knee cap surgery, knee keyhole surgery depends on the following parameters

  • The choice of the knee hospital
  • Numbers of days spent in the knee hospital
  • The choice of the city
  • Preexisting health conditions
  • Professional experience and background of the orthopedic surgeon or knee specialist in Bangalore
  • The type of implant used (metal-on-polyethylene, ceramic-on-polyethylene, metal-on-metal, ceramic-on-ceramic, and ceramic-on-metal)
  • Surgery approach used (open surgery/robotic/minimally invasive)
  • Type of knee replacement surgery (total knee replacement/partial knee replacement)

Cost of Knee Surgery in Bangalore

Cost-of-TreatmentPartial Knee Replacement Cost: The cost of partial knee replacement is less than total knee replacement because in partial total knee replacement only one knee is operated. The cost is around ₹1,61,000 to ₹2,47,000.

Total Knee Replacement Cost: The total knee replacement surgery cost in Bangalore is higher than partial knee replacement because in this knee surgery both the knees get operated. The cost of Total knee replacement ranges from ₹2, 62,000 to ₹4,26,000.

Complex or Revision Knee Replacement: Cost of Revision Knee Replacement can come around ₹2,85,4150 to ₹469050 as it is complicated than other knee surgeries

Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement or Knee Keyhole surgery- Cost of Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement or Knee Keyhole surgery ranges from INR 1,50,000 To 3,50,000

Choosing the best knee doctor in Bangalore for knee surgery can be daunting if you don’t know where to start. If you’re interested in a particular knee surgery or knee pain treatment, your knee surgeon and doctor should be open to discussing with you about the risks as well as outcomes of the surgery. If you need guidance in finding the best knee hospital in Bangalore, get in touch with our healthcare experts.

Still, have any questions? Get in touch with our expert team of healthcare counselors.

About the Author greenadmin

Stanislaus Okwor is the Chief Editor @ http://www.greenhealthblog.com

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