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liver disease

What are the early possible signs of liver problems?


Are you alcoholic or non-alcoholic? If alcoholic, then what is your intake amount?

Have you ever thought how can excess liquor affect your liver? Let’s discuss it.  

A liver, being the largest organ in the body, damaged due to over-consumption of alcohol or severe infections like hepatitis B and C could lead to cirrhosis.

Did you know?

In the United States, more than 31,000 people die of cirrhosis liver every year. More than 40 percent of alcoholic hepatitis cases turn into cirrhosis in case of excess liquor. This leads to a number of deaths and serious illnesses.

What is liver disease?

Liver disease can happen due to genetics or certain factors such as virus or alcohol. Overweight and obese are also associated with liver disease. If liver damage lasts long, then it could also lead to liver failure.

What are its associated symptoms or signs?

One has to be alert while facing the following symptoms and consult a good doctor immediately:

  • Yellowish skin and eyes which means jaundice
  • Severe abdominal pain as well as swelling
  • Dark yellowish color of urine
  • Swollen legs and ankles
  • Tar-colored or bloody stool
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Nausea
  • Loss in appetite

If these worrying signs persist longer, then make an appointment with a good liver specialist. There are several best hepatology hospitals in India with a well-qualified team of hepatologists. Get in touch with them to get treated as soon as possible.

What are its possible causes?

There are many causes which could lead to liver damage. Some of them are:

Infections: Once viruses or parasites enter into your body, they act fastly. This leads to inflammation, thereby, making liver dysfunctional. These viruses can contact you via semen, blood, contaminated food or water, a person who is already infected. Hepatitis A, B or C due to hepatitis virus are the common types of liver infections.

Abnormal Immune System: A condition develops when the immune system attacks the liver. Chronic abdominal pain, joint pain or fatigue are some of the known signs an infected person develops. This condition is known as autoimmune liver disease. Autoimmune hepatitis is one of its types that has 83.8% to 94% of chances of 10-year survival rate, if diagnosed early.

Genetics: If a liver disease runs in your family, then you have strong chances of having liver infections. Such diseases are Hemochromatosis, Wilson’s disease and Alpha-1 anti-trypsin deficiency.

What are the relevant risk factors that can easily infect one’s liver?

There are many factors that can infect the liver such as:

  • Diabetes
  • Unprotected sex
  • Exposure to environmental pollutants
  • Tattoos
  • Piercings
  • Shared needles for injecting drugs
  • Heavy consumption of liquor

What changes can help you prevent from liver disease?


  • Limit your liquor consumption: If you drink heavily, then it’s high time to limit its intake. Women must have one drink a day while it could be up to two drinks for men. It’s a tensed situation if a woman intakes more than eights drinks per week and a man has more than 15 drinks every week.
  • Healthy Lifestyle: It is important to follow a healthy lifestyle, diet and regular exercise routine. Also, drink eight ounces of water every day.
  • Avoid exposure to environmental pollutants: When you use pesticides or other toxin chemicals, always cover your nose and mouth as you may inhale them while spraying.
  • Avoid contact with infected people: Hepatitis viruses are contagious, therefore, protect yourself from used needles, infected peoples’ blood or body fluids.
  • Vaccination: if you’re prone to get infected with a hepatitis virus, talk to your doctor and get vaccinated immediately.


Final Thoughts:

If you’re on medications, take recommendations from the doctor first. Don’t do over-the-counter drugs. Also, avoid alcohol when you’re on medications. Your health is your concern, not anyone else’s.

Know Patent Ductus Arteriosus Risk Factor for Child


Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a persistent opening between the two major blood vessels leading from the heart. The opening is called Ductus Arteriosus, is a normal part of a baby’s circulatory system before birth that usually closes shortly after birth. when the baby is still in mother’s womb, they didn’t require lungs to supply oxygen because they receive oxygen from their mother. Hence there is no need for the heart to pump blood to the lungs. The Ductus Arteriosus is present in all babies while still in the womb, and it allows blood to bypass the lungs.

In most babies who have a normal heart, PDA will shrink and close by its own. the ductus arteriosus usually closes within the first hours of life. sometimes, the Ductus Arteriosus does not close on its own. This is known as a Patent Ductus Arteriosus. Mostly this condition is seen in premature babies, sometimes it has also appeared in full-term babies. Small PDA that doesn’t close early will seal up on their own by the time the child is a year old. If PDA stays open for longer, then the extra blood will flow to the lungs.

Signs & Symptoms of Patent Ductus Arteriosus

the PDA symptoms vary with the size of the defect and whether the baby is full term or premature. A small PDA might cause no signs or symptoms and justify undetected for some time. A large PDA shows signs of heart failure as soon after birth.

Dr. Suresh Rao from Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital says” the basic symptoms of heart problems are: a child may require ventilation, a child may not gain weight, they get record Respiratory infection”.

A large PDA found during childhood might cause:

  • Poor eating
  • Sweating with crying or eating
  • Persistent fast breathing or breathlessness
  • Easy tiring
  • Rapid heart rate

Symptoms of PDA

  • Abounding (strong and forceful) pulse
  • Fast breathing
  • Not feeding well
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sweating while feeding
  • Tiring very easily
  • Poor growth

 causes of patent ductus arteriosous

Causes of Patent Ductus Arteriosus

It is a congenital heart defect, means the problem early in the heart’s development. The cause of PDA is unknown, but genetics might play a role. PDA is common among premature babies. the connection often takes longer to close. If the connection remains open, it’s referred to as a patent ductus arteriosus.

Related Post – What is ASD repair procedure and its symptoms

Risk Factor of Patent Ductus Arteriosus

Family history and other genetic conditions:

If you have a family history of heart defect or another genetic condition such as Down syndrome, it increases the risk of having PDA.

1. Premature birth: PDA occurs in premature babies who are born too early than in babies who are born full term

2. Rubella infection during pregnancy: If the mother gets contract Rubella virus during pregnancy. your baby’s risk of heart defects increases.

3. Being born at a high altitude: Babies born above 10,000 feet have a greater risk of a PDA than babies born at lower altitudes.

4. Being female: PDA is twice common in girls.

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Small PDA might not cause complications. Larger, untreated defects could cause serious problems:

1. High blood pressure in the lungs: Too much blood circulating through the heart’s main arteries through a PDA can lead to pulmonary hypertension.

2. Heart Failure: PDA eventually cause the heart to enlarge and weaken, leading to heart failure

3. Heart infection: People who have PDA are at a higher risk of an inflammation of the heart’s inner lining than are people who have healthy hearts.

Treatment for Patent Ductus Arteriosus

The treatment for PDA will be determined by your child’s doctor based on:

  • Childs age, overall health
  • Childs medical history
  • The extent of the disease
  • the child’s tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies

Expectations for the course of the ddiseased


small Patent Ductus Arteriosus can close by its own as a child grows. A child showing symptoms will require a medical attendance and possible even a surgical repair. A cardiologist will monitor closely to see whether the PDA is closing on its own. If a PDA does not close on its own, it should be repaired to prevent lung problems. A closure of defect is usually recommended as a high risk of cardiac complications and early death related to PDA.

1. Wait and Watch:

Many times, in a premature baby, PDA close on its own. Your cardiologist will monitor a baby’s heart closely to make sure the open blood vessel is closing properly. For children who have small PDA that aren’t causing other health problems, only monitoring might be needed.

2. Medications:

In premature infant anti inflammations drugs such as indomethacin or ibuprofen (Advil, Infant’s Motrin) might be used to close the PDA. Indomethacin is related to aspirin and ibuprofen and works by stimulating the muscles inside the PDA to constrict, thereby closing the connection.

3. Surgical closure:

If the medication is not effective and a child’s condition is causing complications, surgery might be recommended. Open heart surgery is a standard surgical procedure. In this procedure, the surgeon opens the child’s ribs to reach its heart and repair the open duct using stitches or clips. After a surgery child remains in the hospital for several days. It will take a few weeks to a child to fully recover from the surgery.

4. Catheter Procedures:

Nowadays, more than 95 percent of PDAs can now be closed by catheter-based techniques. Premature babies are too small for Catheter procedure. However, if a baby doesn’t have PDA related health issues then a doctor may recommend waiting until the baby is older to repair catheter procedure to correct the PDA.

In this procedure, a catheter is inserted into a blood vessel in the groin and threaded up to the heart. Through the catheter, a plug is inserted to close the ductus arteriosus.

Related Post – ASD- What are the types, treatment and Best Doctors?


There is no sure way to prevent having a baby with a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), however, it is important to do everything possible to have a healthy pregnancy.

1. Seek early prenatal care : Reduce stress, quit smoking, stop taking birth control pills.

2. Eat healthy Diet : Eat a proper diet, as recommend by your physician, include a vitamin supplement that contains folic acid.

3. Exercise regularly : Consult your doctor and work on your work out plan that’s right for you.

4. Avoid risk : These include harmful substances such as alcohol, cigarettes and illegal drugs.

5. Keep diabetes under control : work with your doctor to manage the condition before and during pregnancy.

6. Avoid infections : Update your vaccinations before becoming pregnant. certain infections can be harmful to a developing baby.

cardiac surgeon in india

What are the major heart surgeries?


Cardiology is the medical branch that deals with the heart related diseases and abnormalities. And are treated by doctors know as cardiologist. In india the doctors have excelled a lot when it comes to cardiac surgery ,with the higher skills adding degrees and training from the top most medical institutes and the years of experience they have gained. Some of them are also known worldwide for their surgical skills.

There are three types of cardiac operations:

  1. Extra cardiac operations
  2. Closed intra cardiac operations
  3. Open cardiac operations

Indications for surgery

Surgery for coronary artery disease may be indicated for symptomatic or prognostic reasons .the decision to advise CABG is based on the balance between the expected benefit and the risk that the patient faces .Some of the of the principles indication are chest pain, decreased blood flow in the coronary arteries, significant left main coronary artery stenosis,three vessel disease, two vessel disease with significant proximal LAD stenosis, left main equivalant.

Investigation of Cardiac

  • ECG

Preparation for surgery

Clinical assessment

Before the surgery,the severity and stability of the patient’s IHD, the presence of significant valvular disease and the status of left ventricular function should be properly evaluated.any comorbid risk factors for IHD should be documented and, in particular , the state of coexisting disease assessed.attention is paid to the presence of carotid artery diseases ,peripheral vascular disease, respiratory status, presence of diabetic complications ,significant renal dysfunction or coagulopathy . All medications taken by the patients are noted.

Risk Assessment

Risk assessment can be calculated using various scoring systems developed for cardiac surgery, including the Euro SCORE and PARSONNET .The common scoring systems stratify risk factors that are recognised which are associated with poor outcome after surgery. An rough guess of operative mortality  can be calculated and allows informed consent by the patient.

Postoperative Recovery

The majority of patients extubated a few hours after returning  from the surgery and remain in the ICU for 24 hrs or so. In some centres fast tracking appropriate patients allows earlier transfer to the recovery area or high dependency unit HDU. discharge is routinely 5-8 days after surgery.

Best Cardiac Surgeons In India | Vaidam Health

Vaidam as your medical travel partner helps you to connect with Best cardiac surgeon in India which gives quality treatment by using latest techniques that help you to recover in shortest time possible. Vaidam is ISO certified platform that gives you a complete list of best surgeons so that you can select the best one for yourself, some of the best cardiologist in India are:


  • Dr. Ashok Seth: Cardiac Surgeon

Chairman , MBBS, MD, FRCP, MRCP, Fellowship, 38 years of experience.He has been featured in the “LIMCA” Book of records for performing one of the highest numbers of angiographies and angioplasties in the world. He is the first cardiologist in Asia Pacific region to perform an Angioscopy and directional Atherectomy.

  • Dr. Krishna S Iyer: Pediatric Cardiologist 

Director , MBBS, MS, MCh, 30 years of experience.He has been the founder President of Asia-Pacific Paediatric Cardiac Society and has also the President of Paediatric Cardiac Society of India. He has over a hundred of research publications in both national and international journals.



  • Dr. Naresh Trehan: Cardiac Surgeon 

Chairman , MBBS, 40 years of experience.Performed over 48000  heart surgeries.Awarded the Padma Shri, Padma Bhushan and Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award and many more prestigious awards.Expertises Cardiomyoplasty, myocardial total arterial revascularization, transmyocardial laser revascularization, Reduction ventriculoplasty (Batista Operation), Heart port access surgery and robotically assisted cardiac surgery.


  • Dr. Ajay Kaul: Cardiac Surgeon
    Chairman , MBBS, MS, MCh, Fellowship, 36 years of experience.Dr Kaul is a versatile surgeon whose surgical skills include total Arterial coronary bypass surgery, Paediatric cardiac surgery, Valve repairs, Surgery for aneurysm and Surgery for cardiac failure. He is also well – trained for heart transplants and ventricular assist devices.He is an active member of organizations like Cardiological Society of India and Association of Cardiothoracic Surgery of India.

Recovery After knee replacement surgery


Recovery After knee replacement surgery

A knee replacement surgery is a surgical procedure that involves the replacement of the weight-bearing surfaces of the knee. This is done to relieve pain and treat the disability. The surgery is also known as knee arthroscopy. The knee replacement surgery is of 2 types – total knee replacement and partial knee replacement. The total knee replacement involves the substitution of the entire knee joint with an artificial one and the partial knee replacement consists of replacement of only the damaged part of the joint, in which the surgeon removes a part of bone and cartilage from the area of the damaged knee. The thigh bone is replaced with a metal implant while the shinbone is replaced by a plastic insertion.

When is the knee replacement surgery recommended?

The surgery can be recommended in any type of cases, where there are pain and dysfunction involved with the knees. However, most of the time the patients having osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis arthritis, any case of trauma or injury are advised to have their knees replaced. Some of the other main causes involve meniscus tearing, the cartilage defects, and a ligament tear.

What happens in a knee replacement surgery?

Before the procedure

During the pre-operative appointment, the surgeon takes a complete medical history and conducts the required physical examinations and other routine investigations needed to be done before the surgery. This also includes the x-ray of the knees. Other than this, the patient is asked if he takes any blood thinner such as aspirin and similar medications. His entire history of infection or bleeding disorder is also taken.

If the patient is taking any blood thinners, he is advised to stop taking them 24 hours before the surgery. The patient is also advised not to eat anything for 8 hours before the surgery. During the preparation of the surgery, the patient is administered anesthesia, which may be general or spinal anesthesia. General anesthesia will make the patient entirely unconscious, whereas the spinal anesthesia has its effect only on the lower body.

Sometimes the patient is also given antibiotics intravenously before the procedure to prevent any post-surgical infection. Some surgeons also prefer the give a local nerve block around the knee area to further facilitate the surgery.

During the procedure

The knee replacement surgery in India continues for at least 1 to 2 hours. One way of doing the surgery is making a cut in front of the knee, which is around 8-10 inch in length. The damaged part is removed of the joint and also the bones surrounding the joint. This is followed by the replacement of the artificial joint by the damaged bone.

Another way is the minimally invasive technique in which a shorter incision is made which is of 4-6 inches, creating lesser damage to the muscles involved. Moreover, there is faster recovery after the surgery.

After the surgery

Most of the knee replacement surgeries are a part of day-care procedures. After the surgery, the patient is taken to the ward for 1-2 hours for the recovery. In some cases, the patient may also be admitted to the hospital for a couple of days.

The surgery is followed by the prescription of some pain-relieving medications by the doctor. These medications are given for any pain that occurs due to the inflammation that happens after the surgery. The patient is also encouraged to do physical therapy with the help of a trainer. This helps is the faster recovery of the knee. Sometimes the patient is advised to wear the compression boots to avoid swelling and clotting of the wound.  

The recovery period after the surgery

Just after the patient is discharged from the hospital, he/she is advised to start walking with the help of crutches or canes if needed and eventually without any aid. It is a must to exercise for at least 2 months after the surgery under a trained physiotherapy. The patient is also supposed to take all the medications prescribed to him. It is possible to have mild to moderate swelling around the knee, which may go on for 3-6 weeks. The patients are advised to use the ice pack for compression and elevate the legs while lying down.

There are several factors that affect the recovery time of the patient. These include:

Obesity – Sometimes, if obese people do not exercise or involve themselves in physical activity, they tend to have reduced chances of recovery. Other than that, the success rate is almost the same for everyone.

Age – In elderly people, the body is unable to adapt with changes happened within. It gets difficult for the body to accept any external substance without any immune reaction. This hampers the recovery of the knee replacement surgery.

Delay in the surgery – The recovery period of the surgery keeps increasing with the amount of time taken to decide for the surgery. This is because more damage has happened to the joint before the surgery is planned.

For most of the patients, there is a huge relief and improvement in knee mobility. As per the top 10 orthopedic surgeons in India, most of the surgeries tend to last for around 15-20 years if taken proper care of.

The operation typically involves substantial postoperative pain, and includes vigorous physical rehabilitation. The recovery period may be 6 weeks or longer and may involve the use of mobility aids (e.g. walking frames, canes, crutches) to enable the patient’s return to preoperative mobility.

Heart Bypass Surgery CABG Cost In India


Heart Bypass surgery (CABG) treats coronary heart disease with a surgical process. It improves blood flow and oxygen supply to the heart by diverting blood around narrowed or clogged parts of the major arteries. A surgeon uses blood vessels taken from another area of your body – usually the chest, leg or arm to repair the damaged arteries. The factors which are risky are mainly because of lifestyle that include:

  • saturated fats intake diet
  • Smoking cigarette
  • Obesity
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Family history of heart disease.

Treatment In India | Vaidam Health
Planning to get a treatment in India to add more years to your loved ones life you can trust Vaidam Health for all your queries. Vaidam Health Is ISO Certified platform which provides you all the information of Heart Bypass Surgery cost In India .You can submit your details in the inquiry section and Vaidam will provide a Personal Medical assistant which will help you by taking appointments for you and will provide you all the needed information and will help you with billing related queries.

Vaidam is a one shot solution for all your medical requirements In India.Patient spends around 8 days in the hospital and approximately 12 days outside the hospital.Because of the advanced equipment’s and advanced techniques like minimal invasive surgeries, the Heart Bypass Surgeries in India have achieved a great success in India.Tests required for determining CABG are Echocardiography, EKG (electrocardiogram), Blood Tests, Chest X-Ray and Coronary Angiography. Expert medical practitioners of India with all the latest techniques helps you to recover in the shortest time possible. A complete care with best services is provided In best hospitals recommended by Vaidam Health.

Different Types Of Bypass Surgeries : Doctors will recommend a certain type of bypass surgery depending on how many of your arteries are blocked.when only one artery is blocked it is single bypass surgery ,when two arteries are blocked it is double bypass surgery, when three arteries are blocked then it is triple bypass surgery, when four arteries blocked it is quadruple bypass surgery.

Why Do You Need Heart Bypass Surgery: Bypass surgery treats symptoms of coronary heart disease. When inside arteries a plague is build up that is a waxy substance which blocks blood and oxygen from reaching the heart .You may feel things like:

  • Chest pain, which is known as angina
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Shortness of breath

Cost Of Treatment in India

Vaidam Health is NABH certified which helps you to know the estimated cost of treatment by using the cost calculator , so that you can plan your treatment within your budget . The best of services are provided to you by Vaidam , also your treatment packages include luxuries stay and visit to the main attractions of the country.

India is one of the best medical tourism country because of the low treatment cost as compared to the other countries. With no compromise in the treatment quality and services it is the best medical tourist place.

Happy To Help You: Vaidam Health

All you need to do is send your query in the Inquiry section or give a call on +91 965 000 1746 ,WHATS APP / VIBER +91 965 000 1746  

Our expert medical assistant will contact you as soon as they receive your query, and will provide you with all the details of the information needed and will give you best treatment plan within your budget.

Is Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer responsible for Bowel dysfunction?


Do you know that nearly 20 percent of men who undergo radiotherapy treatment for prostate cancer suffer from bowel dysfunction including constipation, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, incontinence, etc.? It becomes embarrassing to lose control over your bladder or bowel movements. However, in some cases bowel dysfunction may not be necessarily due to cancer treatment. It is important to seek medical help before the situation goes out of hand.

To understand further, let’s discuss how your body functions.

Prostate Cancer: an Overview!

The prostate gland is a walnut-sized gland between the bladder and penis. It surrounds the urethra, a passage to the penis through which the urine and semen pass.

One out of every 5 patients suffer from bowel incontinence after getting radiotherapy treatment for prostate cancer.

What is Bowel Incontinence? What are its symptoms?

Also known as ‘Fecal Incontinence’, it is a condition in which you are unable to control over your bowel movements. From a drop while passing gas to a complete loss of bowel, it is an accidental leakage of faeces from the rectum.

You might have experienced this situation once in your lifetime. In case you face this situation prior to your treatment, then you need to look for a medical help as soon as possible.

Request an appointment with the best Urologist in India | Vaidam Health

Some of the bowel symptoms prior to the prostate cancer treatment are:

  • Diarrhea
  • Leakage of stool, bowel incontinence
  • Excess passing of gas
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Bloating

The best part is that this problem rarely hits men and they overcome through this problem by taking medical help from the relevant specialist. Therefore, it is not a major issue among men.

How is bowel incontinence related to prostate cancer?

When the cancer in prostate starts to grow and spread to the urethra, several urinary problems including incontinence can occur. This could lead to bowel incontinence as well. This could be the case of prostate cancer to the next stage where it has spread to the spine. Eventually, these cancerous tumors start affecting spinal bones or nerves in the spinal cord that is responsible for bladder or bowel functioning. The other common way by which you suffer from such problems is prostate cancer treatment such as radiotherapy or surgery.

If it is destined, then this bowel incontinence problem can disappear on its own after a few weeks. On the contrary, the treatment radiations can permanently destroy the nerves and the incontinence disorder may not get corrected on its own.

Experiencing bowel incontinence due to spinal cord compression or prostate cancer treatment may or may not be treatable and vary from a small amount of leakage to a total loss of bowels. In some situation, proper bowel movements can be gained back once the treatment and rehabilitation process is done. However, if the recovery process isn’t happening fast or bring any positive results, then there must be some changes in your lifestyle to manage your bowel movements and this can be done by:

  • Use of anti-diarrhea agents such as immodium, lomotil
  • Avoiding foods that may disturb your digestive system
  • Following a fibre-rich diet
  • Using absorbent or scented pads
  • By doing exercises to strengthen your pelvic floor muscles.
  • By decreasing to no physical activity post meals

Final Thoughts:

Bowel incontinence caused due to compressed nerves of the spinal cord, prostate cancer treatment or expansion of prostate cancer to the bones or spine, palliative treatments could bring some relief. Your doctor would look into the matter and finalize what is best for you. It could be surgery, radiotherapy or medication course. Always remember that it is important to cope with such situations with positivity and hope. If needed, take support from a therapist or counselor.

Aortic Valve Replacement

Why is Aortic Valve Replacement necessary?


Aortic Valve replacement is a medical procedure which is performed to treat conditions affecting the aortic valve.

What is an aortic valve?

A human heart has four valves and the aortic valve is one of them. It separates the left ventricle and aorta. It regulates blood flow through the heart. When the ventricle contracts, the aortic valve gets opened and allows blood flow from the left ventricle to aorta. Similarly, when the ventricle relaxes, the aortic valve closes its gate to blood flow in the backward direction.

Appointment with the best Aortic Valve Replacement Doctor in India | Vaidam Health

The problem arises when the aortic valve stops functioning properly and forces the heart to supply the required blood to the rest of the body. Most people suffering from aortic valve disorder don’t exhibit any kind of sign or symptom, while some people experience breathing problem, fatigue, severe chest pain, irregular heartbeat – arrhythmia and sometimes, heart failure or cardiac death. In such cases, you need to consult a well-experienced and highly-qualified doctor to avoid serious conditions.

Aortic valve replacement/repair treats condition aortic valve disorders and helps restore the blood flow thereby, leading a normal and healthy life.

Types of Disorders:

Depending on the degree of severity, signs/symptoms, the treatment is done.

Aortic Valve Regurgitation:

This condition happens when blood flows back into the left ventricle even when the ventricle is in the relaxing state. It could be due to a dysfunctional or dripping valve. An abnormal valve shape by birth is also one of the reasons responsible and is also termed as congenital heart disease.

Aortic Valve Stenosis:

It is a narrowing of the aortic valve. Some of the reasons responsible are congenital heart disease, thickening of the valve’s tissue flaps (leaflets) or post-inflammatory changes associated with rheumatic heart disease.

Congenital Heart Disease:

Although it can hit at any stage, mostly it happens when the valve doesn’t take its shape in the developing fetus. The leaflets could be absent, misshapen or the valve may not have any openings.

In some cases, it gets worse despite medical treatment. Also, this is one of the medical conditions that can not be treated only be medications. Hence, surgery is needed to remove this deformity and other complications related to the heart.

Repair or Replacement?

The decision to repair or replacement depends on the following factors:

  • Degree of severity
  • The age and overall health of the patient
  • Whether heart surgery is required to treat other heart conditions besides aortic valve disease.

Mostly, doctors opt for repair instead of replacement as it is less risky, maintaining the valve’s natural strength and restrains the patient to take blood-thinning medications which is necessary in case of replacement. It is true that not all valves can be repaired and hence, these conditions require replacement. However, both conditions are treated through an open-heart surgery which either involves an incision in the chest or through minimally invasive surgery with smaller incisions in the chest. Another procedure is transcatheter aortic valve replacement in which a catheter is inserted in the leg or chest.

Risks Associated with Repair/Replacement

Depending on the health, age, condition of valve and expertise of the medical team, the procedure is carried out. However, in both the cases, the risks are associated and they are:

  • Formation of blood clots
  • Infection
  • Valves may become dysfunctional in case of replacement
  • Heart rhythm problems
  • Bleeding
  • Stroke
  • Death

The patient needs to discuss with his/her medical team diet, medication plan, what is to be done before and post surgery. The physician may ask you to avoid driving and lifting heavy things post surgery. Once the surgery is done, the doctor will tell you when you will be able to return to perform normal activities such as walking, physical activities, etc. The medical team may also ask the patient to join a cardiac rehabilitation for quick recovery post surgery.


5 Tips How To Finding a Good Neurologist


While Finding a Good Neurologist Following a Few Steps.

First, you have to determine your necessities in a neurologist. Some portion of the way toward deciding a nervous system specialist is the best one for you is seeing whether a specific specialist has some expertise in the condition with which you are managing. You may want to choose a near specialist unless you are willing to travel and your insurance allows you to choose a doctor from farther away. Also, you will need to consider any suggestions that your essential consideration doctor may make.

A second step is to get referrals from sources that you trust. On the off chance that your essential consideration doctors have not effectively made a referral, You might need to counsel with the person in question. Also, get some about any nervous system specialist that they have had involvement with. There are a few online survey destinations that will assist you in making your decision. You will likewise need to check a portion of the blog destinations about your particular condition to check whether there is one specialist that is suggested more than others.

After you have limited your decisions, you will need to make a fundamental meeting with the specialist to check whether you are OK with the specialist, his bedside way, his treatment approach, and his office staff.
On the off chance that the majority of the above look at, you have most likely discovered a specialist with whom you can set up a long haul relationship if fundamental. You will discover a specialist that is very much prepared to deal with you and your concern.

if you are looking best neurologist in Chennai then to book an appointment with credihealth (Aapka Health Partner)

Spine surgery cost in India – Request a Quote


Spine gives our body structure and support and allows a person to move and bend , It also protects our spinal cord, it is very important to keep our spine healthy for a active living. Nearby 80% of people suffer from back problems in their lives.Scoliosis Lateral curvature in a normal straight spine mostly it occurs during the child’s growing years but can also occur in adults It usually develops in the lower back as the disks and joints of the spine begin to wear out as you age .A side view shows convexity in upper back and concavity in lower back though it looks normal from front or back view. It can be seen in 3 shapes:

  • single curve on left/ C shaped/ levo-scoliosis
  • single curve on right/dextroscoliosis
  • two curves/ S shaped


Treatment in India | Vaidam Health

Spine Surgery in India has attracted people all over the world because of the best quality of
facilities it provides and the low cost of treatment and stay in India. The surgeons in India are well qualified, skilled and competent to provide  top quality services to their patients.

The aim of the scoliosis surgery in India is threefold:

  1. Safely straighten the spine as much as possible
  2. Balance the torso and pelvic areas
  3. Maintain the correction for long term

This is done by two methods

  1. Spinal Fusion – fusing the vertebrae along the curve
  2. Supporting the spine – with rods and screws till the fusion takes place

Once the bone fuses, the spine does not move and the curve does not progress.
The surgery is done by two approaches:
Posterior (done through back) or Anterior (through sides) approach. Both have their own merits and demerits.The hrs taken in surgery and the number of days needed for recovery depends on the curve of the spine and how much spine needs to be fused.

Vaidam Health as your medical assistant

Vaidam is your medical travel partner which is NABH certified company , it helps you connect with the TOP SPINE SURGEONS OF INDIA that provides you the best treatment with best facilities  within your budget. This ISO certified platform which provides a complete package that includes your all the needs while your treatment process. Your travel medical package also includes visit to the main attractions of the country to make your medical travel a complete refreshment package to give a boost to your life.

Scoliosis Spine Surgery Cost In India

Vaidam helps you find the best surgeon according to your need within your budget. Spine surgery Cost in India is really affordable as compared to other countries.The scoliosis surgery cost in India varies with the type of procedure chosen like anterior or posterior approach, degree of your curve, your medical condition, surgeon, facility and the city where you choose to get the surgery done.

  • Cost of Scoliosis Surgery in India is estimated between USD 11000 to USD 13000
  • The success rate of Scoliosis surgery is 85- 90%. Depending on the complications of the surgery
  • Vaidam medical travel package includes stay in hospital for 6 days and 21 days outside the hospital.
  • Also,tests that are required prior the surgery which includes Blood Tests, X-Ray and MRI.

Vaidam Care

You can drop your query in the enquiry section or contact us at +91 965 000 1746Vaidam medical assistant will get in touch with you to know your further health related details and we can also make you talk to the doctor directly on conference call to clear all your queries.You can get a complete knowledge about spine surgery in India and trust us for your Medical assistance.

5 Urological Problems In Baby Boys


You must have heard of prostate cancer, erectile dysfunction and other urological problems that hit males. Have you heard about urological problems in little boys or teens? Yes, they do experience their own unique set of problems. The best thing is that these problems don’t last long if detected early followed by timely treatment. In such kind of situations, a father plays an instrumental role by being a role model to his little, beautiful world.

Always remember your kids are watching and following your footsteps. You have to gain their confidence, build a bond between you and your child. Before visiting the doctor, tell them they will be healthy and stronger. Now, let’s discuss what could be the circumstances that your kid could face:

  • Undescended Testicles: This is the most common issue that is present at birth. It is mainly found in preemies which affects both testes. In many cases, this problem is ended on its own by the age of six months. If it doesn’t happen itself, it has to be surgically dropped by the age of one year. Make sure to get treated at the best pediatric urology hospital in India as it’s a matter of your kid’s life. It should be done timely else he has a tendency to develop cancer.  


  • Penile Abnormalities: Nowadays, this problem is quite common among baby boys with such deformities. It should be corrected else a boy may be unable to urinate properly or face sexual difficulties later. Hypospadias is one of the common abnormalities which include a urinary hole in the wrong position, a bend in the penis along with an incomplete foreskin. It should be surgically removed between the ages of six and 18 months when your child is unaware of such issues else it could lead to several self-confidence issues in him. Epispadias is another condition in which the hole is located on the upper side. Surgery is required in this case as well.


  • Testicular Torsion: When the boy is in his puberty phase, there are chances that he has heavy testicles. It is a condition of twisting of male organs that cut off the blood supply. This causes severe pain, swelling, or redness in the scrotum. The blood flow has to be restored quickly else your child may lose his testicle. This situation requires an emergency visit to the specialist.


  • Hydrocele: Some babies are born with fluid-filled scrotum called hydrocele. It usually ends on its own by the age of one. In some cases, the boys could develop hydroceles from an injury/trauma to the scrotum, a tumor or a sexually transmitted disease. Such kind of situations should be immediately treated.


  • Testicular Cancer: It is commonly found in young men, therefore it is advisable to get regularly tested from ages 15 to 35. A swelling or lump in either of the testicles, a feel of discomfort, pain or heaviness are some of the symptoms that should not be ignored. Around 95 percent of cases are curable and it is 98-100 percent if detected early.

Final Thoughts:

Being a parent, it is really important to gain trust of your child so that he would be able to share such problems with you. If you find any of the urological problems, it is advisable to get him treated as soon as possible. Don’t let it lower your kid’s self-confidence and affect his future.

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