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IVF Treatments: Some essential things to know


Infertility issues are fast becoming a major problem among couples all over the world and they do face problems in conceiving a child. These days, people in huge numbers do rely upon advanced medical technique known as IVF or In Vitro Fertilization. The major reason for infertility issues to take place is among couples who plan to have children at very late age. There is also noticed very high incidence of STD (sexually transmitted diseases). But before trying to avail IVF treatment, it will be useful for the couple to know about the different procedures involved and be well prepared for all outcomes.

Some things to know pertaining to IVF treatment

  • Fertility drop faced among women: With the woman crossing 35 years of age, there is witnessed sharp drop in her fertility, in terms of egg quality and numbers produced. There is conducted AMH, a blood test to identify the egg numbers produced by the woman, although the report does not disclose about its quality.
  • IVF success rate: Several factors tend to determine IVF success rate that might again vary from one couple to the other. The factors may include lifestyle, age and infertility cause in a specific couple. Those under the age of 30 do have 50% more success than those over 40 years with 20%. However, with advancements in medical technology, things are brightening up in this field.
  • Need for quick action: If infertility issue is suspected, couples are advice not to delay in consulting the Best IVF Doctors In Chennai. If couples under the age of 35 fail to conceive even after trying for 12 months, then it becomes important to visit the specialist. But those over the age of 40 should consult the specialist just after 6 months and delay no further.
  • Reduced fertility experienced by men: Men also experienced reduced fertility rate similar to women as they age. Although men produce sperm, its quality starts to deteriorate, while they enter the 40s. This can lead to issues associated with infertility. Moreover, sperms produced in older men tend to lack in quantity and motility. They also are prone to facing DNA damage, thereby leading to their offspring facing birth defects.
  • Freezing eggs at much younger age: Prior to crossing 35 years of age, women who want to have babies in the future should plan to get their eggs frozen. These can be used for first as well as subsequent pregnancies, since these eggs do provide them with enhanced IVF success chances.
  • IVF procedure does costs very high on emotional and financial factors: IVF process is not only found to be taxing, but also takes a tool on the person’s emotional and physical health. Symptoms may be experienced like headaches, mood swings and fatigue along with the stress that is noticed when waiting to check the outcome.
  • IVF treatment risks: Although considered to be a safe process, approximately 1 percent of all patients are prone to be affected with Ovulation Hyperstimulation Syndrome, a health condition. This means, excess eggs has been produced by the woman after getting hormone treatment. But such risks have been minimized with the use of low drug dosages.
  • IVF treatment timing: Keeping in mind the women’s cycle, availing treatment at proper time does play a significant role in the IVF treatment success. Moreover, pregnancy test is to be conducted just two weeks after transfer of embryo to the womb.
  • Single cycle used to fulfill entire family needs: Advancements made in medical science ensures entire family completion in single cycle. The first child can now be derived in a cycle, while enjoy frozen embryos for subsequent pregnancies that can be used later on.
  • Unsure success: Although IVF has managed to revolutionize fertility treatments, there are however no guarantees of the couple not facing other unexpected issues. The couples having faced failure with their repeated attempts might need to be contented with the undesirable outcome. Counseling can help to cope up with reality.

Discussing with the top IVF specialist can help the couple to know if IVF procedure is meant for them or not. Since a good number of couples have enjoyed the best outcomes, checking with the professionals will be the right step taken to having a child.

heart bypass surgery cost in india

Heart bypass surgery cost in India


The coronary or heart bypass is the surgical method to restore blood flow to the heart when the coronary arteries through which blood passes are obstructed due to atherosclerosis. It consists in bypassing the narrowing point of the coronary artery with a bridge made up of arteries or veins taken from other parts of the patient’s body, thus allowing the blood to circulate freely in the heart muscle again.

How much does heart bypass surgery cost ?

Cost is probably the most important factor for someone seeking bypass surgery. It is a crucial surgery as the life of the patient depends on it. The average heart bypass surgery cost in India is USD 5,500 or about INR 4,00,000. It is less than a tenth of the price in the USA and a third of what is required in Singapore.

Minimally Invasive heart bypass surgery cost in India would be more at about USD 7,000 or INR 5,04,000. This operation is done through a smaller incision and not completely open heart surgery. The type of hospital and standard of the room was chosen also has a significant effect on the total expenditure. One has to take into account that total hospital stay is about 9 days but in all those coming from abroad need about 20 days in India to meet a surgeon and have required tests done.

Arriving at a foreign country for an urgent surgery can be frightening but medical tourism is well developed in India, and every possible facility will be offered from airport pickup and drop to the arrangement for the hotel stay.

When is it needed?

The by-pass is performed when enough blood does not reach the heart, through the coronary arteries, to meet all of its needs and is therefore referred to as ischemic heart disease. This situation manifests itself with chest pains (angina pectoris) under stress or even at rest, or it can start directly with a heart attack. In more rare cases it does not show signs of itself and can only be ascertained through various investigations, in particular, coronary angiography. Since angioplasty was introduced, indications for surgery have been reduced. In cases where drugs and lifestyle fail to keep the disease under control, it is usually tried first to remove the obstruction with angioplasty:

How you do it?

First of all, it is necessary to take from the patient the blood vessels to be used for the bridge which will bypass the obstacle constituted by the obstruction of the coronary artery. The saphenous vein of the leg, the internal mammary artery, which is already inside the thorax, or the radial artery of the arm is usually used. Using the patient’s own structures as “spare parts” avoids the risk of rejection and the formation of smaller vessels will compensate for the absence of the removed vein or artery. To carry out the operation, open the thoracic cavity and reach the heart, where the portions of the blood vessels previously collected elsewhere can be sewn onto the blocked coronaries, upstream and downstream of the block. To do this it is usually necessary to temporarily stop the heart by cooling it; in the meantime, the circulation is maintained by a mechanical pump, also called heart-lung machine, to which the patient is connected.

What does it feel like?

The bypass is a demanding procedure that must be performed under general anesthesia and generally lasts from 3 to 5 hours. When leaving the operating room, it takes a day or two in an intensive care unit to keep the patient under control. Subsequently, they are moved to another department usually for a few days before discharge. The hospitalization in total does not exceed 8-10 days.

Complete recovery takes 6 to 12 weeks. Everyone has their own times, which will from time to time agree with the treating physician.

What are the benefits?

The by-pass allows to relieve the pain in the chest of the patient, allowing him to gradually return to work that due to ischemic heart disease he could no longer perform. It, therefore, improves its quality of life and prolongs its survival. However, it does not replace the need for a healthy life or take scrupulously the medicines prescribed by the doctor.

Motherhood-Hospital- Bangalore

Motherhood: Women & Child Care Maternity Hospital in Bangalore


Motherhood Hospital, one of the leading healthcare providers comprehensive women & child care located in Bangalore, offers international standard services at its modern facility. We pride ourselves as a leading incorporated brand providing comprehensive care to four children. Motherhood is a 400-bed super specialty hospital dedicated to excellence in medical services. We provide the highest quality patient-centric care. Motherhood hospital Bangalore is a Multi-Speciality Hospital Branches Hebbal, Indiranagar, Sarjapur Road, Banashankari , Hyderabad with State-of-the-art equipment & instruments and boasting impressive infrastructure comprising Emergency, ICU, Deluxe, Single AC, Non-AC, Double/Triple Sharing Rooms and General Wards with round-the-clock intensivist and specialist doctors, well-trained and experienced paramedical staff as well as 24hrs Ambulance, Pharmacy and Diagnostics Laboratory Services.

Best in Women and Maternity Care

Our complete range of women cares administrations are intended to provide care from puberty through womanhood and maturity. We focus on the treatment and diagnosis of whole gynecology and conceptive good conditions, all common and progressed gynecological medical procedures laparoscopic surgery four women of all ages, for example, fibroids, ectopic pregnancy, ovarian cysts, hysterectomy, etc.

Our trained and experienced gynecologists are adroit in handling any infirmity concerning the conceptive organs, for examples such as the uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix, ovaries, and vagina. They treat all related problems in the bowel, bladder, and urinary system since these are firmly identified to female conceptive organs.

Facilities and Services:

  • The emergency care at Motherhood is 24/7 functional and supported with the pharmacy to ensure the availability of medicines.
  • The ICU’s are operational 24/7 and equipped with state-of-art clinical support with expert doctors and skilled staff. We have NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit) to provide special care for premature newborn infants.
  • The operation theatres are ORI Fusion Digital Integrated Operation Theatres having 5 advanced operating rooms.
  • The Cardiac Catheterization Lab or cath lab for treatment of Cardiac Rhythm Abnormalities, including implantation of the pacemaker. It is equipped with state of the art equipment, highly skilled professionals, Cardiologists, and other cardiac technicians.

Book online appointment with our doctor and get advice for your health problems Motherhood Hospital chennai doctor list

ENT surgeons in india

ENT surgeons: When Should You See them and why?


For every type of health issue, you can find a doctor. There are health specialists who can give you a great treatment, proper assistance and cure your problem. But the first step you have to take. You have to ensure that you go to see the doctor.  Have you ever heard of ENT doctor?

What does ENT stand for:  Ear, Nose, and Throat? Thus, an ENT doctor specializes in ailments related to all these three organs of the body. But, why and when would you need an ENT specialist? Running or blocked nose, earaches, sinus headaches, tonsils – none of these seem to be such serious health issues that may require a specialist. While all of these can be resolved with home remedies or general medications, at times when they worsen, you may always visit a general practitioner or your family doctor, can’t you?  So, the question is why you should see a specialist?

What do you mean by ENT?

Ear, Nose, Throat is what ENT stands for. Thus, an ENT doctor has done specialisation in ailments linked to all these three organs of the body. But, the point is why and when would you require an ENT specialist? Of course, many of you might be thinking that running or blocked nose, sinus headaches, earaches, tonsils – none of these things seem to be a serious health issue that could require a specialist.  Certainly maybe all of these issues can be resolved with home remedies or usual medications, at times when they get worsen, you might always visit a general practitioner or the family doctor.

Actually an ENT specialist is who you will wish to see once the above mentioned issues get serious, lengthy, or regular ones. To have a constantly running nose, experiencing earache every day, having issues with your throat on a daily basis is not all normal. Once in a while, all of these issues could seem alright, but otherwise, you surely require special consultation.  Certainly, you can find the best ENT surgeons in India who can help you heal and get back on track.

Who are these doctors?

ENT doctors are specialists who have successfully finished their medical school, but have stepped further into learning about ENT issues in detail for another five years.  After getting certified, ENT doctors are in a position to treat diverse types of illnesses linked with the ears, nose, and throat; and sometimes they can even treat the head.

Ear issues

These issues range in everything from simple ear pain and ear infections to that of hearing impairments. ENT specialists can treat such disorders, while also treating balance disorders that are an outcome of the ears, and tinnitus.

Nose issues

Issues in the nose, nasal cavity, and sinuses could cause serious issues with breathing.  People may even lose their capability to smell. Nasal polyps, Nasal allergies, and chronic sinusitis could make a person miserable. Furthermore, obstacles in the airways can trigger sleep pane and that would again need consultation of an ENT specialist.

Throat Ailments

Once you have throat infection, tonsils, or challenges in swallowing, it could be a situation that demands treatment. Further, laryngitis and chronic hoarseness also demand treatment by ENT doctors. ENT specialists can diagnose and even do treatment of problems related to the throat like conditions that affect swallowing, eating, digestion, speech problems and so on.

Ailments related to Neck and Head

Since the neck and head are also linked with the ears, nose, and throat, ENT doctors can even treat certain conditions linked with these body areas. These might include any type of deformities, trauma, and even tumours. Issues in the salivary glands can even be treated by ENT specialists. Special ENT surgeon can perform corrective and reconstructive   surgeries too that too in an effective manner.

The point is that if you are suffering from any type of these conditions like that of a throat or ear infection, no matter how simple or mild it is, you should visit an ENT specialist.  If necessary you must undergo procedures as even mild infections can underline or trigger serious issues that can influence your health later on in life. What is the point if you think that you have a general issue with your health but it turns out to be a big problem?

Thus it is time that you talk to the best ENT surgeons in India and find out what you can do with your current ear, nose and throat problem. They can help you heal.

Orthopedic pain treatment | Orthopedic Doctor in India


There are many people who with age or due to specific work activities are likely to experience severe pain in their back. In such a case, you do require instant help from the best orthopedic doctor in india. You should not neglect it for a long time, since the issue will only become chronic and more painful. The doctor should be specialized in this field and offer you with customized treatment to suit your specific health requirements\ and to alleviate your pain. In short, the physician should be well trained and knowledgeable enough to manage all types of concerns very quickly and exclusively. These physicians are termed to be the experts who can manage different types of emergency cases arising from orthopedic area.

Know the definition of orthopedics

Orthopedics is considered to be a medicinal field which revolves around treatment offered and includes study of musculoskeletal system. It is more to do with the spine, joints and the muscles and an area which is known to deal with disorder rectifications and deformity correction associated with the patients’ musculoskeletal system. This signifies that orthopedics is the best available remedy to treat and manage back pain, be it starting or chronic in nature. Usually, orthopedic care is said to employ various types of management techniques. It includes manual treatment, bracing and physical therapy. Bracing is performed to manage various issues that emerge from spinal dysfunctions such as chronic back pain, scoliosis and sacroiliac joint.

Carpel tunnel syndrome

Often, this syndrome is termed as CTS and leads to various types of health ailments like pain, tingling, weakness and numbness in the patient. It also causes other kinds of problems associated with the hand, due to pressure placed on median nerve in the wrist. Different tends run through into the hand through the carpal nerve in this type of nerve. Sensations and movement control of the three fingers and the thumb excluding the small one is controlled by this nerve. CTS takes place as the nerve is placed under extreme pressure.

Pressure may be exerted due to several factors, thus causing the tunnel to appear much smaller. some diabetes may also be the cause of narrowing down of the tunnel space which includes hypothyroidism, rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes. The other causes are postpartum recovery due to pregnancy, fluid being in extremities, hormonal differences and postural considerations.


There is potential scope to treat this syndrome and it includes commonly used non-surgical options like exercising the fingers, wrist and hand and performing physical therapy. Even braces are suggested to be worn, so as to immobilize the joint region. It is considered to be a common region, where orthopedists are found to focus more upon. The experts also regarded this region as crucial, since it is the only one which gets affected.

Arthroscopic surgery

Surgery might be required in few cases, especially if pain experienced is extreme. The different types of surgical remedies that are offered to the patients are joint replacement, shoulder reconstruction, rotator cuff reconstructions and ACL constructions.

Few other areas are present where the specialized and quailed doctors may recommend the patients to seek advanced surgical remedies. It includes foot and ankle surgeries along with repairing of tendons within the biceps and triceps area. Even can be dealt congenital abnormalities effectively and efficiently!

Some people unfortunately are noticed to experience abnormalities in their hand right from their birth. It is likely to cause them with different types of restrictions when performing some kind of work. As they grow in age and eager to interact with their surroundings, this issue will only handicap them and leave them out of the crowd for themselves. This will not only cause them issues with performing normal tasks carried out easily by the others, but also alienate them towards them, thus causing mental stress and tension. The reputed and the best orthopedic doctor in india are likely to have years of experience in treating such patients and can offer top quality remedies that is appropriate for the person. they also boast of having the training and know-how of using the latest technology and medical devices to manage and take care of various types of abnormalities and treat them efficiently.

Best hospitals in Gurgaon

Top 10 Multi- Speciality Hospitals in Gurgaon


List of Best Hospitals in Gurgaon

Medanta-The Medicity, Multi-Speciality Hospital in Gurgaon

Medanta hospital Gurgaon

Medanta Hospital One of the most widely acclaimed hospitals in the country is Medanta-The Medicity, which was established in 2009 in Gurgaon. This multi-specialty hospital is known for providing world-class facilities through its 20 specialty divisions and departments.

Artemis Hospital Gurgaon

Artemis Hospital Gurgaon

Artemis Hospital is multi-speciality hospital located in Gurgaon, India. its a first JCI and NABH accredited hospital which is established in 2007. Artemis Hospital has using advanced technology in the hands of renowned from across the country to set new standards for health care. In a potent, warm, open-centric environment, top-notch services have made, one of the most prestigious hospitals in the country. It is provides a depth of expertise in the spectrum of advanced medical & surgical interventions, comprehensive mix of inpatient and outpatient services. Artemis offers a depth of expertise in the spectrum of advanced medicine and surgical interventions, comprehensive mix of infant and outpatient services.

Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI), Gurgaon

Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI), Gurgaon

Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI), Gurgaon, is a multi-super speciality, quaternary care hospital with an enviable advantageous faculty, reputed clinicians, including super-sub-specialists and speciality medical caretakers, supported by cutting-edge innovation. Fortis hospital is at present operating 56 hohpsital across india. A premium, referral hospital, it endeavours to be the ‘famous hub of Healthcare’ for Asia Pacific and beyond. Set on a spacious 11-acre campus with 1000 beds, this ‘Next Generation Hospital’ is built on the foundation of ‘Trust’ and lays on the four strong pillars Talent, Technology, Infrastructure and Service.

Prominent Features :

  • It is internationally recognized by JCI and NABH for its quality service.
  • Specializes in the field of Medical Oncology, Radiation Oncology, Oncosurgery and Bone Marrow Transplant.
  • Healthcare Leadership Award 2014 Best Patient Safety

Paras Hospital Gurgaon

Paras Hospital Gurgaon

Paras Hospitals, Gurgaon is the 250 bedded flag ship hospital of Paras Healthcare. It is a cutting-edge multi super specialty hospital providing a complete spectrum of advanced therapeutic and careful interventions with a comprehensive mix of inpatient and outpatient services. Since its commencement in 2006, Paras group has been moving forward with the vision to provide competitive, imaginative and accessible medical consideration to its patients. The hospital offers around 55 specialities under one roof and is bolstered by a team of doctors of specialities and national notoriety.

The Paras medical has a magnificent infrastructure with the use latest technology, for example, 3D Digital Mammography with Breast Tomosynthesis, Cyberknife VSI, CT filters, and so forth. The hospital has begun a versatile van services with the mean to contact people in the provincial territories. The van is fitted with Ultrasound, CR System, X-Ray, ECG, Mammography and Pap smear to screen patients and help identify malignancy at a beginning time.

Have your own back: Spine surgery and all that you need to know about it


Unlike many animals before them, humans can stand up straight because of their spine. Their spine is well developed and has the capacity to carry a lot of load which is why the spine is one of the most important structures of our body. It is extremely essential that we take good care of our back because back problems can give rise to various other issues. Back pains and injuries are quite common but in order for them to heal properly you will have to make sure that you get the proper course of treatment or else it will become very difficult to heal with time. Once a back problem has been identified you need to consult with the Top 10 spine surgeon in india and get their opinion as to what is to be done next.

When do you require a back surgery?

Our back is one of the most sensitive areas of our body mainly because of our spine. Our spine is not just bones, but a collection of nerve endings and a spinal fluid as well. Any injury or disruption to any one of these will result in back problems which need to be treated immediately. However a back surgery is not always the solution. In fact a lot of people do not require back surgery. Surgery of the spine is a very delicate matter and hence surgeons do not recommend it until and unless it is it is absolutely necessary. It is extremely essential that you take this process and slow and make sure that you have no other option but to go for surgery when it comes to treating your back injuries. Here are some of the reasons for which you might be in the need for a back and spine surgery:

  • One of the most common reasons is that you have slip disc. Sometimes the discs of our spine get affected due to injury which in turn results in a slipped disc which in turn results in a lot of pain and restriction of movement. Generally with proper care and treatment, slipped discs do fall back into place, but sometimes they do not. When they do not it is a cause of worry and in order to take care of that and make sure that nothing goes amiss, one might require a surgery of the spine.
  • Our spinal cord is surrounded by a canal of bones which protects it from external injury. However due to various reasons, this bony structure might end up degenerating. This will weaken the spine as it will be losing its protective shield which is why it is important to operate and rectify the problem.
  • If you have arthritis then there might be bone spurs on your spinal cord which might need surgery for removal. It is essential to get this treated as soon as possible.
  • Are you having trouble using your hands or walking? This might be a problem of your spine. Get it checked immediately and sign up for surgery if so advised.
  • A prolonged feeling of weakness and numbness might also be a result of spinal injury which in turn might require surgery.
  • There might be a persistent infection in the spine which refuses to go away with medical treatment. For that you will require spinal surgery.

Consulting a spine surgeon through medical tourism

Problems of the back are prolonged and continuous. In order to treat them properly you will need to give time. If you are thinking about opting for medical tourism then it is advised that you go and visit the best spine surgeon in india. Why? Because India is a hub of medical tourism and you will get the best of the best treatment here at really affordable rates. In order to avail this medical facility, you will have to get in touch with a company that provides medical tourism. They will give you the list hospitals and surgeons that you need to consult and fix your appointments for you. Post-operative care is important in case of such surgeries which too will be taken care of by a good medical tourism company.

Do not ignore back problems. They are bothersome and need to be treated properly. So consult a doctor and get the treatment that you need right away.

liver transplant cost in india

Better liver, healthier living: Undergoing Liver transplant


Our liver is a very sensitive organ. Continuous abuse of the digestive system, like consuming unhealthy food, copious consumption of alcohol and improper digestion can lead to serious issues of the liver. This organ is actually the only organ which can regrow. That is, our live has cells which die and then new cells grow back which makes it very easy to repair when once the damage has been identified and a minimum amount of treatment is done. However when the liver cells get damaged too much, then more often than not a liver transplant is required. The deterioration of the liver happens at a very fast rate and hence once liver damage has been identified one needs to immediately find out the Liver Transplant cost in India, consult a doctor and enlist themselves.

How do I know when I need a liver transplant?

Though the need for a liver transplant can only be outlined and diagnosed by a doctor, there are certain signs that can tell us if we need to immediately consult a doctor or not. Here are certain signs and symptoms that you need to get your liver checked:

  • Constant itching of various parts of the skin
  • The most common one is when the skin begins to become pale yellowish and the whites of the eye turn yellow as well
  • Frequent bleeding
  • The colour of urine changes to dark liquid
  • A definite fluid collection in the abdomen
  • Constant forgetfulness and being a state of confusion

These are some of the tell-tale signs that there is something wrong with your live if the symptoms keep on persisting and hence the moment you identify anyone of them, it is best you consult a doctor for further course of treatment.

When do I need a liver transplant?

There are various diagnoses which can call for a liver transplant. Let us take a look at some of them:

  • One of the most serious conditions which demand an immediate liver transplant is acute liver failure. This is a process of very fast deterioration of the liver and calls for a immediate transplant. This can be a result of liver infection, viral hepatitis, obstructive jaundice, malignant liver cells and various other reasons.
  • Chronic liver failure results from alcohol abuse, unhealthy eating habits, cancer, fatty liver, cirrhosis, genetic disorders, etc., which too require a liver transplant as a long term effective treatment plan.

Types of liver transplant

There are mainly two types of liver transplant that takes place. One is when the liver is obtained from a deceased donor and one when the liver is taken from a living donor. The entire liver is taken from a deceased donor, only and only if the person is an enlisted organ donor. It is important to note here, that not any deceased donor will be accepted as the donor. the liver has to be taken and transplanted into the receiver, while the organ is still alive, which has a window of just a couple of hours after passing away. After a point of time, the liver of deceased donor cannot be of any use. There is also the condition that the liver type and other factors that need to match with the recipient for which a series of tests need to be conducted.

The second type of donor is a live donor, where a portion of the liver of the donor is taken and transplanted into the recipient so that the healthy cells of the liver might grow and replace the damaged one. This process takes time but with effective post-transplant treatment, such procedures are seen to be extremely successful.

The liver transplant procedure

You need to make sure that you find out the liver transplant cost in India and gather the finances required. A lot of people embark on medical tourism to this country since the cost here is fairly pocket friendly and you will get good doctors who will take good care of you. There is also the question of making sure that you consult good doctors. Finding a donor is a tough job and hence requires time. It is best to be prepared and go about the process in the most systematic manner possible.

Liver transplant is a big surgery, but also a life-saving one. Take good care of the patient and get it done only by the best of the best.

gastroenterologist in india

Three signs that show symptoms to visit reputed gastroenterology clinic


In today’s age, with fast food and working busily without food has become more of a fashion among men and women. This combined with pollution in the environment and stress at the workplace does lead to various types of ailments and diseases. One such issue that has been affecting people in huge numbers all over the world is gastrointestinal problems, where immediate medical help will be more than a necessity. The Best Gastroenterologist in India helps to diagnose the patient and identify the issue and provide treatment for various types of stomach and intestinal problems. There are some sure signs of this health ailment that require the person to visit the specialist to get the most appropriate treatment.

Some symptoms of facing gastrointestinal problems

  • Diarrhea and abdominal pain: The person may experience frequent diarrhea and abdominal pain. These indicators when together are likely to be a sign of suffering from IBD (Inflammatory bowel disease). The two common IBD types are ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s might lead to rectal bleeding and anemia. But weight loss is sure to be faced with continuous diarrhea and pain. The doctor will recommend some tests to be undertaken to find out if the cause of pain and diarrhea is IBD. If tested positive, then the patient will be given series of medications which also includes immunosuppressant and anti-inflammatories drugs. Pain in the abdomen region if found persistent, then it can be signs of problems, much more than that of mere inflammatory bowel disease. It can also be peptic ulcer sign for some. Ulcer is stated to be a sore that is located within the stomach lining or small intestine’s upper portion. Several causes are present for ulcer to take place, which includes smoking, alcohol, excessive NSAID medication usage and bacteria. Ulcer may also develop in people suffering due to over stress. Antibiotics are recommended to such patients. Also will be crucial to do away with the circumstances and conditions that has caused sore. But surgery will be required in some extreme cases as excessive scar tissue will block digestive tract.
  • Heartburn: One common sign arising from gastrointestinal problems is burning sensation emerging from the stomach. It shoots up the throat or possibly settles under the sternum in the chest region. Often, heartburn is termed to be a symptom of a particular common condition referred to as acid reflux. Besides experiencing burning sensation, the person might also face dry cough or trouble swallowing. Acid reflux will also cause bad taste and excess saliva in the mouth. If heartburn is not provided with the right treatment, then there can be potential damage. Ulcers may be caused in the stomach or esophagus eaten away by the acid. In some rare cases, cancer may also develop due to acid reflux. Visiting the Best Gastroenterologist in India cam help stop further damage from taking place. Doctors in extreme circumstances can determine if there will be required to undertake surgical procedures to tighten muscles present between stomach and esophagus to stop flow of acid upwards.
  • Constipation: One gastrointestinal disease that people are found to suffer from is inflammatory bowel disease. Those facing constipation should visit the leading gastroenterology clinic. Laxative is a common treatment suggested. But the problem found with self medication is overuse of laxatives, thereby leading to unwanted side effects. The fact is that not everyone’s body is the same. Movement frequency for the family members might not match that of the individual’s. Hence, it becomes crucial to understand the regular bowel movements and discuss the issue with the doctor in case, they change. The top gastroenterology clinic will have the necessary resources for providing proper and timely treatment to intestinal related issues. Whether the problems faced are serious or mild, the doctors are sure to help the patient to enjoy better health.

Gastric problems might also arise due to taking food at the wrong time, consuming fast food or poorly cooked or unhygienic food. Hence, care should be taken to ensure consuming healthy, hygienic and well cooked, nutritious food. For those suffering from such ailments, should not ignore the symptoms and visit the doctor immediately to diagnose and get better treatment, so as to eliminate gastric problems.

hepatorenal syndrome

Cirrhosis causes Hepatorenal Syndrome. How?


Cirrhosis causes severe liver scarring that makes it completely dysfunctional at its terminal stage or when exposed to alcohol or viral infections for long-term.

Do you know? If a person is a cirrhotic patient, then the chances of development of Hepatorenal Syndrome (HRS) with ascites are 8-20% each year which rises to 40 percent after 5 years.

What is Hepatorenal Syndrome (HRS)?

Hepatorenal Syndrome is a type of renal failure that occurs in people with advanced liver disease, mostly caused by cirrhosis. As the pair of kidneys filter out waste from the body, therefore, once it stops functioning properly, waste starts to build up in the body which leads to renal failure.

Does Hepatorenal Syndrome (HRS) have any types? If yes, define them.

Depending on the severity of the kidneys, HRS is of two types. Type 1 HRS is related to progressive kidney failure which happens due to excess production of creatinine. Type 2 HRS is associated with subacute kidney failure that progresses slowly and steadily.

Experts say that type 1 HRS patients survive for a maximum two weeks while type 2 HRS patients survive upto six months. According to a team of the best Gastroenterologists in New Delhi, type 1 HRS patients can survive for a longer period of time if a liver transplant is performed as quickly as possible.

Is Hepatorenal Syndrome curable? What are its possible signs or symptoms?

If you experience HRS symptoms, then seek medical professional help immediately as they need quick medical emergency. Following are its symptoms:

  • The confused state of mind
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Sudden weight gain
  • Dementia
  • Jaundice: Yellowish skin color
  • Decreased urination
  • Swelling in the abdomen
  • Dark-colored urine

What causes Hepatorenal Syndrome?

Hepatorenal Syndrome is a complicated liver disease which is mainly caused by cirrhosis of the liver. The occurrence of cirrhosis is directly proportional to hepatorenal syndrome. Other causes are as follows:

  • Fluctuation in the blood pressure levels
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Other infections in the kidneys
  • Acute alcoholic hepatitis
  • Use of diuretics
  • Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

What are the factors helpful in diagnosing HRS?

If you experience any early possible signs or symptoms, then it’s best to get it diagnosed at its earliest. Your doctor may look into the following signs:

  • Fluid buildup in the abdomen
  • Swelling in the breast tissue
  • Sores on the skin
  • Jaundice

Your doctor may also conduct blood and urine tests that will help him to discover the status of your liver and kidney functioning abilities. Somehow, if cirrhosis isn’t the cause behind HRS, then your doctor may conduct additional tests to diagnose if it’s alcoholic or viral hepatitis.

What are the treatments required to cure hepatorenal syndrome?

  • The treatment is performed according to the cause that is affecting you. To normalize the blood pressure level that usually remains low, you are given prescribed medications called vasoconstrictors.
  • Dialysis can also be performed to improve the functioning of the pair of the kidneys. It filters out wastes, excess salt and water from the blood.
  • In severe cases, liver transplants are performed. However, it is not easily available and the patient has to wait in the waiting list. Sometimes, the patient dies before a liver is available. If the patient gets a liver, then the survival chances are improved at a good rate.

HRS is fatal and complications begin to appear at the end-stage of the kidney disease such as fluid overload, secondary infections as well as organ damage. Sometimes, a person can even go to coma.

Understanding Hepatorenal Syndrome and how to prevent it?

The only natural way to prevent from HRS is to keep your liver healthy. By avoiding drinking excess liquor, you can prevent yourself from cirrhosis.

To prevent yourself hepatitis A and B, get vaccinated regularly. There is no vaccine available to cure hepatitis C. however, you can prevent yourself from hepatitis C by:

  • Washing your hands before and after meals, even after shaking hands.
  • Asking your sex partner to get tested for hepatitis C.
  • Not sharing syringes with anyone.
  • Not using illegal, life-threatening drugs.
  • Practicing safe sex.


There are some non-preventive causes of cirrhosis. Therefore, if you’re at risk of developing cirrhosis, consult medical help to get yourself tested. Your doctor may perform some blood and imaging tests to identify the early signs of the condition.