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In the male reproductive system when the cancer cells are developed in the gland called prostate gland it is known as prostate cancer. Mostly it grows slowly, but in some cases aggressive growth of prostate cancer is seen. From the prostate the cancer cells may spread to other parts of the body, specially bones and lymph nodes. Prostate cancer may cause difficulty in urinating ,problems during sexual intercourse, pain or erectile dysfunction. Other than this problems increase in the later stages of this disease.
There are various types of prostate cancer which can occur in different parts of prostate. Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia is the precursor to prostate cancer, which is also seen in many different locations of prostate. There are many different kinds of prostate cancer but around 95% of times its is of type which is called as adenocarcinoma. It is the most widespread type because of which it has become synonym of term prostate cancer.
There is no specific cause of prostate cancer. The basic risk factor includes family history and age, it is very uncommon in men those are younger than 45, but gradually with increasing age it becomes common. At the time of diagnosis the average age is 70 years. Risk of having prostate cancer is double for the men who have first degree family member with prostate cancer than in men without prostate cancer in the family.
This disease is accompanied by number of unique symptoms because of the location of the prostate in the body. Due to cancer, as the prostate enlarges the urethra is pinched tighter within the prostate. Because of the narrow tube it becomes much harder for urine to make its way through urethra and out of the body. This results in four primary urinary problems which are:
These symptoms are direct result of urethra being pinched closed by enlarged prostate. Some other less common symptoms are:
Many tests can be done to determine if someone is suffering from prostate cancer. The Medical health history of the patient is checked before any other diagnosis.the test which are needed to diagnose prostate cancer are:
The expert team of doctors decide the type of surgery to be performed which depends on the diagnosis and the severity of the cancer . the treatment can be non invasive procedure without hospitalization or it can be standard surgeries necessitating hospital stay.
Depending on the patients health condition , age , expected life span , stage and grade of cancer the type of treatment procedure is selected. Prostate cancer can be treated in many ways. In some conditions even combinations of treatments can be used. Prostate cancer surgery can be of following types:
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