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Our stomach possesses a wonder muscle called lower oesophageal sphincter (LES), situated at the entrance of the stomach and its major function is to keep the stomach tightly closed. In ordinary cases, the sphincter closes the stomach as soon the foods have passed through it. However, in certain cases, the LES does not function properly; it remains open or opens up too often allowing the acid inside the stomach to leak through it and reach the oesophagus causing damage to its tissues. This condition gives rise to a number of symptoms such as sensations of burning in the chest which is commonly known as heartburn. If such symptoms happen frequently, then you probably suffer from acid reflux disease called as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
What is hiatal hernia?
The patients of acid reflux suffer from a very common stomach abnormality which is known as hiatal hernia. During hiatal hernia, the LES and the upper portion of stomach above the diaphragm get moved. The diaphragm separates the chest from the stomach. The diaphragm is responsible for keeping the acid in the stomach. When you have hiatal hernia, acid from the stomach moves out and reaches oesophagus, causing acid reflux.
What are the symptoms of acid reflux?
Symptoms of acid reflux include:
What are the preventive measures?
Avoid foods which have a pH less than 5. Eating fatty foods, fried foods, packaged drinks, spicy foods, alcohol, beef, fish, and citrus fruits will cause harm to your oesophagus. Therefore, following a strict hiatal hernia diet will neutralise the content of acid in your stomach.