We publish high quality and balanced information in our blog posts after a thorough health researches by our health Experts.
Who knows that some acid reflux symptoms can end up in such dreadful events? Yes, you heard it rights and more if you know then you will get to know that some common acid reflux if remain in your body for a long time, can end up getting an esophagus cancer.
This is common these days, and if you are worried about having such a thing in your body, then it is obvious. You might get so many symptoms that are associated with esophagus cancer. If you have acid reflux and you are worried about getting the esophagus cancer then here are some of the important things that you should know. So let us get to it –
How do you get Esophagus cancer?
Well, before we get to cancer, there are many Esophageal Cancer Symptoms that will tell you about it. These all can be dreadful, and you should know all about these symptoms which can help you in some amazing ways. If you ever feel like that you should know why you have esophagus cancer, then you should follow the below-mentioned paragraph.
The cancer is usually caused by the acid in your stomach, and once that acid is spreading, then you can get to see that you are developing ulcers. The ulcers are really bad, and they are the only reason why you developed cancer. If you have ulcers, then you should never ignore them and find a better treatment for that. With all that Foods to Avoid Acid Reflux that we are not eating in the market, we are developing the risks of getting such a thing in our body more rapidly.
Keep all these things in your mind, and you will surely get so many benefits from all that. If you ever feel like that you should get a checkup then go for it. The checkup might cost you a few bucks but your life is valuable, and you will never get it back.
What causes Esophageal Cancer?
There are so many things that can be the cause of Esophageal Cancer, and we all simply ignore them. Being a human, this is our tendency to ignore things that take away our pleasures but keep that in mind that these pleasures can end up taking your life. Be real all the time and keep these things in your mind before you get to it. The things that can be the cause of the cancer are –
You should keep that in mind, and if you are feeling anything wrong, then you should consult a doctor right away.
Sports, whether it is played in a large stadium or an open patch of land, are known and loved by all. For most people, it is a great pastime, a way to get some much-needed exercise while getting the chance to socialise and make new friends at the same time. Some popular sports such as American Football, Lacrosse or Professional Body Building (to name a few), can be incredibly taxing on the body and the risk of injury is generally quite high. Athletes, particularly those playing at a competitive level, therefore have to try to maximise practice time while avoiding common and particularly painful injuries like sports hernias.
But what is a sports hernia? Despite what the name suggests, it is not actually a hernia in the traditional sense, which is why doctors tend to use the term athletic pubalgia instead. A sports hernia is an injury that occurs when a muscle, tendon, or ligament in the groin is torn, and is therefore similar to a sprain. A hernia, meanwhile, is a condition in which one of your organs pushes through and out of the area where the organ is supposed to be.
Sports hernia often occurs in athletes playing sports that use a lot of rapid changes in direction, such as rugby, football, and ice hockey (giving rise to the term “hockey groin” as another name for sports hernia). A sports hernia is characterised by severe pain in the groin area, which can spread to the surrounding area such as the hip muscles. The groin will feel tender and may also have some inflammation or swelling. If the injury is particularly severe, the person suffering from sports hernia will have difficulty getting out of bed or exerting any pressure in the groin area.
Because sports hernia is similar in nature to sprains and other joint injuries caused by overstretching or tearing, typical treatments may involve taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. However, these types of medicines do not do much to aid in the healing of the torn ligament; NSAIDs only reduce the swelling and pain sensation. On the other hand, remedies and treatments from a certain country in the East have been used to treat muscle and joint injuries for hundreds if not thousands of years. This article will take a look at some treatments from traditional Chinese medicine that can do a number on a sports hernia and get the player back in the game.
Acupuncture is a staple of traditional Chinese medicine, and is probably the most easily recognised. It involves inserting very thin needles into specific areas in the body to achieve certain physiological effects, most commonly to treat muscle or joint pain. The Chinese believe that every person has life energy called Qi or Chi that flows through their body, and that sickness is caused by a disruption to this energy flow. Based on this idea, acupuncture was invented as a way to redirect and restore the flow of Qi in the body.
In a standard acupuncture session, the practitioner first examines the patient and checks their vital signs, making note of anomalies in breathing, the tongue, eyes, and other details. The practitioner also asks the patient about their current ailments and where they are occurring. After this, the main procedure begins. Long and very thin needles – usually with a diameter of less than 1/20th of an inch – are then inserted into certain points on the body called meridians, which are believed to be the pathways of Qi in the body. These needles are then left stuck in the body for about 15 minutes before being removed.
The idea of Qi and energy flow in the body is continually shunned by medical experts. However, despite the scepticism surrounding the procedure, acupuncture does produce noticeable effects towards reducing muscle pain and helping to cure physical injuries like sprains and a sports hernia.
Another effective way to treat sports hernia through traditional Chinese medicine is through the intake of herbal medicines. Herbal therapy in China has been studied and practiced for over two thousand years, and writings about the subject date as far back as the first century BC.
Unlike typical medicines and synthesised drugs which tend to have side effects, the vast majority of herbal medicines do not. The treatment of sports hernia through herbal medicines is rarely done alone, but is often done in conjunction with acupuncture or other physical therapy. Herbal medicines are not an outright cure to muscle pains, but they assist with the body’s natural ability to heal itself and regenerate damaged tissues. This allows the patient to recover from a sports hernia or other muscle or joint injury much faster. There are a lot of myths surrounding acupuncture, one of the main assumptions being that is painful. This assumption is generally not true because the needles are very thin and not hollowed out much like the usual injection needles used in medicine.
Cupping therapy is another traditional Chinese treatment that is becoming a lot more popular among athletes in recent years. One particular example of this was during the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, where many of the competing swimmers, including the legendary Michael Phelps, were found with circular marks on their bodies left by cupping therapy.
The procedure goes like this. Cups are placed on areas on the body where there is muscle pain present. The cups are then removed of air, usually through the use of a small vacuum pump or by placing a candle in the cup (in this method, the burning candle uses up the oxygen in the cup through combustion). The suction on the skin produced by the cups encourages the flow of blood on and around that location, which in turn allows for better circulation of oxygen around the body and encourages the removal of waste products from the blood.
If you play any sport, either for fun or as a profession, injuries like sports hernia can ruin your next couple of weeks or, in severe cases, your career as an athlete. And although Western medicine can do the job quite well, it can oftentimes become very expensive or leave unwanted side effects that can turn into bigger problems later on. In such a case, traditional Chinese therapies may just have what you need to cure what ails you, so you can get back in the game and keep playing the sports you love.
In order to maintain the health of your skin, outer care is not enough. Healthy skin comes from a healthy diet. Nutrition is important to maintain the inner balance of the body. So today, we are going to uncover the best foods to eat for healthy skin.
Many pieces of research showed that our skin reflects the things we eat. An unhealthy diet not only damages our internal organs such as liver and heart but also makes us look aged even before the time.
Hence, it is important to include the healthy food items in order to maintain a healthy skin. Through this article, we are going to share with you some of such food items and also let you know their role in maintaining the health of your skin. So with the help of the best Skin specialist in Jaipur, we have managed to bring you a list of best skin friendly foods!
Whenever we talk about healthy skin, the first name came to our mind is Avocado. Avocados consist of many healthy fats which are essential to maintaining a flexible and moisturized skin.
Research showed the more intake of healthy fat results in more flexible and glowing skin.
Avocados also help in keep you looking younger as the compounds found in Avocados are known to protect the skin from the harmful UV rays.
Do you know that besides the above healthy fats and compounds, they are also considered as one of the greatest sources of Vitamin E and Vitamin C?
Which means it also works as an antioxidant and helps in protecting your cells from damage can cause by free radicals.
Avocado is also rich in fiber which means it prevents constipation by maintaining a healthy digestive system inside the body. People suggest that one Avocado per day is essential to maintain a healthy fat inside the body.
The second item in our list of best foods to eat for healthy skin is Sweet Potato. Well, you might have heard about sweet potatoes helpful in losing weight. But did you know that Sweet Potatoes also contributes towards maintaining a healthy skin?
Like Vitamin C and E, Vitamin A is also essential to maintain a healthy skin and also good for eyes. And Sweet potatoes are rich in fiber, Potassium and Vitamin A. They are known as an excellent source of Vitamin A.
In order to maintain the essential nutrients inside the sweet potato, it is recommended to bake them instead of boiling. You can lose the water-soluble nutrients from them by boiling.
100 to 300 grams of Sweet potato can be eaten in a day and enough to give you enough Vitamin A inside your body.
No one can be unaware of the health benefits of the Tomatoes. They are rich in all major carotenoids and especially lycopene, an antioxidant which is known to fight the free radicals inside the body.
It protects the skin from aging, wrinkling through the harmful UV rays of the sun. Tomatoes are known as one of the greatest sources of Vitamin C
You can eat the tomatoes in a salad right before your meal. 2-3 medium size tomatoes are enough in a day to maintain a healthy skin.
Love for chocolates cannot be expected in words? And what happens when we will tell you that dark chocolates are good for your skin too? Don’t you feel it’s like an extra cream over the cake?
It has been found that anti-oxidants, vitamins, and minerals consist in the cocoa powder or cocoa-rich chocolate helps in maintaining a glowing and healthy skin.
Dark chocolates have multiple benefits over the skin such as hydrating your skin, protecting it from sun damage and also diminishing wrinkles. Studies also showed that dark chocolates (at least 70% cocoa) not only improves your rough and dry skin but also prevents one from the risk of heart disease.
Experts say that dark chocolates are rich in flavonoids which has infinite health benefits so one can consume 30g to 60g of dark chocolate in a day.
Social Media is trying hard to make people aware of the health benefits of Green Tea. Green Tea not only sheds the extra pounds from the body but also protects the skin from aging and damage. It has a number of benefits for the skin.
Studies showed that drinking one or two cups of green tea per day make our skin produce less sebum, boosts our immune system and reduce the inflammation level etc. As it is rich in antioxidants which helps the body in fighting the free radicals, and cleans the harmful toxins inside the body. It prevents the skin from getting acne and also improves the skin complexion.
A recent study over the number of women proven that drinking Green Tea is also effective in reducing the sun burns nearly 25%. It improves the Skin elasticity, maintains the ph level and improves the dry and rough skin. Green tea is no doubt one of the best foods to eat for healthy skin!!
Experts suggest that one should drink one or two cups of green tea in a day and it should replace your regular tea and coffee. Also, the tea should not contain milk as milk can reduce the impact of its powerful antioxidants.
In the above article, we have shared with you some necessary food items which are required to maintain a healthy skin. These foods to eat for healthy skin will make you healthy from inside the body. And if your body is healthy from inside, it will automatically reflect on your face.
A dental implant is a surgically positioned titanium post that serves as a tooth root. The denture is put beneath the gum line to allow the dentist to bridge the area or mount a replacement tooth. Dental implants do not anchor on other teeth like bridges. This means that the dentures preserve the jawbone.
One of the most commonly asked questions is how long dental implants last. To understand this question, one first needs to get the components of the implant. A dental implant is made of three parts. The implant is the titanium post which is placed into the jawbone surgically. The second part is the abutment which is attached to the implant. It holds the crown in position. The crown is normally fastened to the abutment. It is the part that looks like the natural tooth. Seeing the structure, the crown and the abutment are the most susceptible parts to damage than the implant.Continue reading
Working out is a great way of making life a better place.
While the gym is believed to provide the perfect atmosphere that motivates you to work hard and not fall weak, this is not always the case.
The gym is a great place to work out for achieving the goals you have for your physique, we agree to that. However, there always are people who just make it a little tough.
We are talking about the people who fail to understand that each and every place has a list of unsaid rules one has to follow and it is not appropriate to ignore those rules.
A gym is a place where people grunt all the time as they lift up heavyweights, the sweaty smell is always in the air, and loud thudding noises are always on your ears. These are enough things to distract you but some people just do not understand the basic concept of it. Here is a list I have made of 10 etiquettes some people chose to ignore while they are in a gym.
Gym can be a risky place if you are not aware of your surroundings. Always be alert to everything going on near you. You never know but accidents can happen anytime. The best aid to this is to keep your mind alert and escape the unfortunate.
Do not directly jump on the machine you want to use when you see someone getting up from it. It is inappropriate and very rude. Besides, it can be very dangerous at times. The sudden action of yours can cause a problem when you un-announcing interrupt someone and they lose their balance. This can be a cause of a major accident and I am sure you definitely will not want that.
Have you been in that situation when someone used a bench before you while you were waiting to use it? Did you notice yourself cringing when you found out that the bench was all wet with the sweat of that other person? Now you could relate to me when I say how creepy that is. This is one of the worst things you can do in a gym because believe me; no one will enjoy exercising in your sweat. Wipe up the bench after you are done and don’t break the code, it doesn’t feel nice.
everyone falls sick and that is completely fine. You are allowed to miss gym on certain occasions and sickness is the one. Do not go to the gym if you are not well. No one wants you to come and sneeze or cough around him or her. Take a day off and stay at your place. No one else wishes to receive the germs from you, they are happy being in their own place and suddenly do not require your germs.
The grossest thing you can do in the gym is to force someone else to pick up your sweat-filled towel. Believe me, no one would ever want to do it and you are the sinner if you are making someone else do it for you. Keep your towel at the appropriate place so that it does not become a point of discomfort for others. This is an important rule and it is necessary that you follow this one. No one is going to come up to you and ask it to do yourself because it will sound rude, but if they did, well you are not going to be happy about it.
If you are working out on a cardio machine, it is important that you keep a check on the time and do it as per your designated time limit. There are two impacts if you do not follow this rule. First is that your body might not require the amount of exercise you are doing and this can be a little harmful. Second, you are making the others waiting for too long.
Equipment like dumbbells, mats, skipping ropes etc. should be kept back after you are done using them. Although it doesn’t look nice when you leave the objects laying anywhere after you have used them, these little or sometimes big objects can cause severe accidents too. A dumbbell lying on the floor can easily get a hold on anyone’s feet and that is enough to make him or her fall very badly. They can also create a distraction for the people who are typically engrossed in their workouts.
The gym is the place where people come with an ambition of working out and not of making new conversations with people. While it can be an objective for you, it might not be for others. Avoid doing so in order to maintain the workout need. If you want to have conversations and if you wish to make new friends, go out to a park or a club, you will surely have a lot of conversations and new connections there.
While it can look a sign of hard work to you, this surely looks very disrespecting to others. Throwing the weight you and several other people in the gym use is not something you should do as this might hurt someone else’s feelings. The gym freaks and fitness enthusiasts respect the equipment very much and this is not the way to behave in the gym. Besides, the sound it makes is terrible and it can distract so many people.
Its high time and people should realize by now that taking a selfie while you and others workout is not attractive. No one is interested in knowing how well or bad you look in the gym, you are there to work out and not to win a beauty competition. Simply never make such mistakes in the gym.
This trend needs to end now, it has been a very long time and it is not at all impressive.
Our health is directly affected by our eating habits. Improper or unhealthy diet may lead or increase the risk of many chronic diseases like cancer, diabetes, etc. In this article, we will be looking into the list of 15 Foods to Avoid Cancer permanently. Anti-cancer diet is always a suggested strategy to prevent and lower the risk of cancer. Check the complete list of anti-cancer diet below, note that these foods prevent cancer and not cure it but they can be really very helpful in preventing cancer permanently. I have researched well with the best cancer specialist in Jaipur to compile this list of best foods to avoid cancer.
The higher the consumption level of carrots, the lower the risk of getting diagnosed with certain types of cancer. For example, the high consumption of carrots can lower the risk of stomach cancer by 26%. Also, a person with a high consumption level of Carrots has 18% fewer chances of catching prostate cancer. Carrot is also advantageous in preventing Lung Cancer. As we all know that Lung Cancer is one of the most common cancer types in India and the world too, but through Carrots, we can decrease the Lung cancer chances by a considerable number. According to the studies, a person who doesn’t eat carrot is three times more prone to get caused by Lung Cancer compared to the person who consumes one carrot in a week. So, we can conclude that carrot is an essential attribute of diet, therefore, add it to your menu to prevent Lung Cancer, Stomach Cancer, Prostate Cancer, and many others.
Berries possess an excellent percent of anthocyanins in it, which is handy in preventing certain types of Cancer. The studies and experiments show that the consumption of Berries can lower the risk of spreading and growth of cancer. So, the inclusion of one or two berries in the diet would decrease the cancer growth.
Broccoli is full of sulforaphane. Sulforaphane is the plant attribute which we get from the cruciferous vegetables, and it also possesses the anti-cancer properties. Sulforaphane has given results in reducing the number and size of blood cancer cells by 75%. Other than this, Broccoli has the capability of reducing the tumor and cells of prostate cancer by more than 50%. Also, the high intake of cruciferous vegetables will lower the risk of colorectal and colon cancer. Therefore, eat Broccoli, once or twice a week.
Cinnamon is one of the suggested food items for Cancer prevention. Cinnamon is handy in reducing blood sugar and eases inflammation. According to the test tube tests and animals tests, Cinnamon is helpful in controlling the spread of cancer cells by either blocking them or by eliminating them. Hence, the addition of 2-4 gram of Cinnamon (that is 1/2–1 teaspoon) in the daily diet will work for you.
The studies and research say that the higher the consumption of Olive Oil, the lower the chances of getting certain types of cancer. The researchers, says that a woman can lower the risk of Breast Cancer by 68% if she consumes a well maintained Mediterranean diet with olive oil. So, switch all the other oils with Olive oil for better health results. Olive Oils are rich with immense health advantages.
Flaxseed is one of the essential attributes of your diet. Flaxseeds provide the most needed fiber to the body which helps in preventing and killing the cancer cells. Apart from fibers, Flax Seeds is rich in omega-3s and lignans which works as the protective shield for cancer. Flaxseed is best useful for Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, and Colorectal Cancer. Therefore, add 10 grams of Flaxseeds to your daily diet for healthy results. You can consume flax seeds by blending it with smoothies, or by adding it to the baked goods, or by sprinkling it over the cereals and yogurt.
This spice is known for its antioxidant properties. Curcumin possesses the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anticancer properties. The types of cancer which can be prevented by the help of Turmeric are breast cancer, gastrointestinal cancer, lung cancer, and skin cancer. Therefore, consume 1 to 3 grams of turmeric per day (1/2–3 teaspoons). The combination of Turmeric and Black Pepper improves the absorption level of the body. Turmeric is the best food to avoid cancer and other infections.
Citrus fruits like lemons, limes, grapefruits, and oranges are handy in avoiding cancer. The regular consumption of Citrus Fruits in a good amount can help you avoid different types of cancer like digestive and upper respiratory tract Cancer, pancreatic cancer, stomach cancer. The study and experiments show that the risk of mouth, throat, lung, and stomach cancer can be reduced by 50% with the proper healthy consumption of Citrus Fruits. Citrus Fruits is useful in the prevention of esophageal cancer.
Some of the research suggests that eating one fish in a week will be helpful in reducing the risk of different types of cancer. The more you eat the fishes, the lower the possibility of getting digestive tract cancer. There are different fatty fishes like salmon, mackerel, and anchovies which provide the necessary nutrients to the body like vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids. Vitamin D reduces the risk of cancer whereas Omega-3 Fatty Acids helps in blocking the development and spreading of cancer cells.
Lycopene is the compound found in Tomatoes which possess the anti-cancer properties. Also, the strong reddish color to the Tomatoes is given by the Lycopene. It is suggested to eat raw or cooked tomatoes to lower the risk of Prostate Cancer. So, add one or two serving of tomatoes to your daily diet to avoid cancer.
Garlic contains allicin which is helpful in reducing the risk and development of cancer cells. Doctors suggest adding 2-5 grams of garlic to your daily food to avoid cancer for life!
Green Tea is most beneficial for the Breast Cancer patients. The regular consumption of Green Tea lowers the risk of getting caused by the Breast Cancer Cells. Green Tea provides phytochemicals to the body which carries a type of anti-cancer property. So, make a habit of drinking one or two cups of Green Tea Daily. It is one of the best food to avoid breast cancer.
Whole Grains provides the most needed fibers, vitamins, and protein to the body. So, add Whole Grains like quinoa, barley, oats, amaranth, brown rice, whole wheat to your diet for the best results.
There are 15 Foods to avoid Cancer for Life. The research on this still going on to decide the best diet plan to prevent cancer for life. Although these foods items can provide you with the best result in reducing the cancer risk. For any query, you may connect to us via comments.
Before, drinking water was just a necessity but nowadays most Americans drink water for its quality and fitness. They consume more water bought in a plastic bottle than taken from the tap. For Americans, they spent $1 billion a year on bottled water when they can just drink for free from their tap. To assume that buying bottled water would be worth it, however, you may think twice after reading this article.
Majority in the US, tap and bottled water are virtually similar in terms of their health and nutritional quality. But publicly-sourced tap may actually be safer because it is more tested than the bottled water.
People are not to blame to be cynical and turn to bottled water. The 1993, Milwaukee Cryptosporidium outbreak occurred infecting city residents. Bottled water companies came to rescue and promised a purer and healthier water than tap water. There can never be truer words when is justified by proof and evidence.
It seems that there have been misconceptions about the quality of bottled water. Bottled water may just be the same as the tap. Coca-cola bottled water advertised their product as “pure, still water.” But when investigated, it was discovered that their bottles were just filled with tap water.
To supplement this, Natural Resource Defense Council (NRDC) conducted a four-year study in 1999. The results showed an estimated 25% or more of bottled water was really just the tap. In some cases, some brands get their water from spring water or plainly just from a municipal water supply.
A blind taste survey was done by students from Boston University. They discovered that one-third of the taste-testers would definitely tell it’s tap water and another one third couldn’t tell the differences whether it was bottled or tap.
Another study conducted by Showtime television found that 75% of tested New York city residents favor tap water over bottled water during a blind taste test.
It is important to note that is subjective yet the studies mentioned above practically beat bottled water by the tap water. Bottled water is no purer than tap water and it may not even taste better.
Bottled and tap water are tested and monitored by two different water authorities. Since bottled water is considered as “food”, it is under the federal regulations and thus under the authority of Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Tap water, on the other hand, is under the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) whose standards are more strict and consistent.
FDA standard and monitoring has no absolute directives in bottled water brands. Most states have bottled water safety programs but the regulations don’t adequately assure consumers of either purity and safety. The EPA authorized the local water treatment to provide its residents with a detailed account of tap water source and the results of the testing which also includes contamination level violations.
Municipal water systems also test for harmful microbiological content in the water many times a day but bottled water companies do for only thrice a week. In terms of testing policies, bottled and tap don’t have the same standards. There are policies in tap water but not found in bottled water. Even under the more lax standards of the FDA, bottled water companies do not always comply with standardized contaminant levels.
It is an undeniable truth that waste management has become one of the major problems in the world. Landfills burgeon in size while recycling rates barely grow. The skyrocketing plastic pollution is only complicating by all the more contribution of plastic consumers.
World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) reported that in 2001, approximately 1.5 billion tons of plastic are expanded in the bottling of 89 billion liters of water each year. Besides the varying number of plastic bottles produced each year, limited fossil fuels are continually depleted due to the energy required to make plastic bottles and the transportation to the market. Because of this bottled water companies, a significant damage to the environment has been it incurred.
The authors of the WWF report recommended the reusing and rewashing of water bottles to minimize stacking them in the dump. However, this might compromise the quality of the water due to the phthalates – a property of the plastic bottle that becomes released into the water as the plastic bottle gets older. They also included a recommendation for the water bottle companies to use local bottling facilities so that there would be a lesser fuel expense during transportation.
Unfortunately, local bottling only compromises the water quality due to the reduced health standards for in-stake bottled water production and consumption. It seems that there are more ways of improving the problems than reducing it.
Then: The water quality has been the concern of Americans ever since the 1970s that lead them to consume bottled water instead. The sales increases from $276 million in 1976 to $1 billion in 1985, according to the International Water Association.
There were issues in regards to the bottled water quality such as the doctoring of water samples with chlorine in bottled water plants so that results would show no bacterial growth when monitored for water quality. Another issue was the addition of levels of inorganic chemicals that exceeded water standards together with the presence of other organic chemicals such as phenols, benzene, and chloroform.
However, these may be allegation due to political motives. Many conducted scientific studies that showed “they were not factual nor can they be substantiated.” Nevertheless, one thing was for sure. Drinking bottled water before already costs higher than tap water. Bottled water would cost $.89 to $6 per gallon of bottled water compared to $.70 per gallon of tap water. Bottled water cost is 1,000x higher than tap water cost.
Now: In the year 2003, Americans spent $7 billion on bottled water at an average cost of more than $1 per bottle. Nowadays, bottled water comes at a higher price. Globally, people spend around $100 billion a year on bottled water. Bottled water cost in the US alone is 2,000x more than drinking from the tap.
Today, that cost has additional hidden cost such as its environmental cost. Production of the plastic water bottle alone emits large amounts of carbon and consumes 17 million barrels of oil per year which is comparable enough to fuel one million cars for a year. Sadly, a majority of these used up bottled waters dumped in landfills while only a minority are recycled.
Like already mentioned, the federal government and most states have bottled water safety programs, but they don’t instantly assure purity and safety. That’s why if you should still buy a bottled water, check its cap and look for any label that says, “from a community water system” or “from a municipal source.”
These labels simply mean they are derived from the tap. If you can’t find of those labels. Call the bottled water company or the bottled water program in your state or where it was purchased to ask about the source.
It was already discussed that water bottles eventually discharge chemicals into the water as it grows older. This chemical is called phthalate which is known to disrupt hormones such as testosterone. One study discovered that the water stored in plastic and glass bottle for 10 days had been contained with phthalates.
The study suggests that the phthalates originated from the plastic or glass container. There are no regulatory standards limiting phthalates in tap and there is also no legal limits. But, the bottled water industry is still successful in their campaign against FDA’s proposal to set a legal limit for these chemicals.
Bottled water may not be healthier or purer as an alternative to tap water. It also costs more than drinking freely from your tap. Tap water is plainly the more economical and healthier choice because you are assured by the standards of tests and monitoring it undergoes.
Though it is mostly safe, tap water might not be always free from issues. If you live in a countryside community where there is water contamination like pesticide run-off, or if your water source is from an unregulated well, tap water might in that area is definitely not safe. You need to call your state drinking-water program or EPA to know the report and level of contamination of your local water.
If your report shows possible contaminants or health risks, your best solution is to use a home water filter which can do the job that your water supplies failed to do- ensuring safe and pure drinking water.
Water filters are best to have at times when your municipal water is experiencing contamination. They are also designed to work with municipally-treated water. Water filter companies produce high-end water purification technologies that can beat wat municipal water-treatment plants can’t do.
Also drinking filtered water is also more economical than drinking bottled water. Water filters don’t use energy. Filtered water from water filters is all the better option than bottled and tap water.
Jennifer Moran is the author and the social media manager at theberkey.com. She has been working and passionate about writing for over four years. When she isn’t glued to a laptop screen, she spends time playing tennis, practicing yoga, and trying very hard not to sleep in the meditation. You can reach her at jennifer (at) the berkey (dot) com.
Of all the natural resources, water is the most important. It is fundamental to the vital processes in humankind. As the world population increase in multifold, demand for water does the same. There are so much to learn about the world yet we fail to focus on the key elements that keep life for everyone on Earth. Water that could feed the whole world is scarce.
Water capital in the industries is so much in a single production. Take a look. On average, it takes 713 gallons (2,700 L) of water to make a cotton shirt and 2,600 gallons (9,800 L) to make a pair of jeans. Note that cotton crops grown in the field need way more than what these factories could consume to make shirts or jeans. Other than jeans, you like to wear a footwear that consumes more than 4,000 gallons (15,000 L) of water, for instance, a leather loafer. Take note also that it takes so much water to grow a grain to feed a cow of which its skin becomes shoes.
The figures seem less significant than if you would imagine of the world’s ocean or water bodies. These figures seem less important until you’d experience water crisis. Water crisis happens when there’s prolonged water line interruption due to scarcity, leakage or contamination. We need water to satisfy your throat, food, electric power plans, cars, computers, and all those leather loafers and jeans.
In a study published in the Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers in the University of Twente in the Netherland estimated in detail the scale and pattern of humanity’s water consumption.
Doing this requires patience and determination. Using a high level of spatial resolution, the researchers tabulated all the water from the rainfall and irrigation that are consumed in making goods and services for the global population.
To gain a more significant data, they added in the volume of water necessary to equate the pollution incurred along with the production. They measured an annual average global footprint for years 1995-2005. It’s the most updated ten-year period for the necessary data available.
The result is a substantial figure- 9, 087 billion cubic meters (2,400 trillion gallons) per year. That is an overwhelming volume that is equivalent to the annual flow of the hundred Colorado Rivers.
Agriculture contributes as large as 92% of the global water footprint. This figure added with the percentage of water we allocate for livestock, that is a third of global grain harvest. Livestock and other animal products contribute as much water footprint. For example, the average beef takes 634 gallons (2,400 L) of water to make.
Heavy meat diets contribute twice as much water footprint. This explains why the USA’s average water footprint is twice bigger than the global average because Americans eat 4.5 times more meat than the global average. One of the fascinating findings of the researchers is that a fifth of humanity’s water footprint travels across nation borders. This water is also known as “virtual waters”.
This water is embedded in products that are traded between countries. The ability to externalize water in scarce nations like Israel, Jordan, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt is by importing wheat and other thirsty grains. This allows them to secure their scarce water for industrial production and other higher-value uses.
Surprisingly, some water-scarce nations still expert a great deal of virtual water to other countries. The Central Asian nations of the Aral Sea Basin export 96% of the cotton they produce. This is according to the US Department of Agricultural Statistics. Large-scale cotton production in this region caused the Aral Sea, once the world’s fourth largest lake, to lose 80% of its water over the last 50 years. Much of the lake bed became a salty wasteland.
The United States has the world’s biggest exporter of virtual water due to its vast areas of highly productive rainfed cropland. They send millions of tons of grains to countries around the world. The largest virtual water imports come from Yangtze basin in China which produce a wide variety of goods for the US market.
A growing population can still do something in order to live with sufficient water supply and healthy freshwater bodies. The solution that can really make a big impact is by altering diet and buying habits. This lessens water use and water footprints easily.
Corporations are becoming perceptive and mindful of their actions towards water use because they need it as a raw material in their productions. For instance, Unilever has helped tea farmers in Tanzania to use drip irrigation so its Lipton tea bags have a lower water footprint.
A retailer of outdoor apparel called Patagonia has leaped way up than others. They started an advertisement such as “DON’T BUY THIS JACKET.” Its Common Threads Initiative motivate companies and consumers in eco-friendly practices such as reducing, repairing, reusing, recycling and reimagining our world. This is all rooted to help in motivating water stewardship.
More organizations offer practical ways to shrink the size of our water footprints such as the Alliance for Water Efficiency and Meatless Mondays. It is in humanity’s hands-on making an impact to the Earth’s precious waters.
The impacts of population on the quantitative needs of a particular area are related to population density, which is how the population is distributed in that area and the rate of population growth. Population density affects so much of our economy, environment, natural resources, energy requirements, housings, food supply and etc. all these factors and its changes directly affect the sources and availability of our water.
Plainly said, the population is correlated with public water supply as high as 56% is distributed for domestic purposes. The US Geographical Survey reported an average of 179 gallons per capita per day (gpcd) in US in 1995 alone while 101 gpcd for domestic water.
US population in 2000 was 275.6 million. Projections of Population Research Bureau predicted the US population to be 375.8 million by 2025 and 403.7 million by 2050. The bureau also showed that the doubling time from 2000 for the population of US is at its current rate of growth which is about 120 years. This is 51 years for the world and for less developed countries like China in about 36 years. The figures matter to note that 81% of the world’s current population resides in less developed countries.
In the year 2000, the world’s population is 6 billion. It is expected to rise up to 10 billion within the century. Population Reference Bureau said that by 2025, there will be 7.8 billion people in the world. It will reach 9 billion 25 years later.
Less developed countries are perceived to be raging in population growth. More than 90% would take place in this underdeveloped countries. Due to overpopulation, water source is scarce yet highly demanded. If these predictions should be true, there would be water shortages in the next 50 years.
In year 1995, the 1,280 gpcd for all water uses in US was multiplied by the bureau’s estimate of population in 2025. It is enough estimate of water use in that year that would be about 508 billion gallons per day. Although it’s not certain when it comes to population forecast, technological changes and conservation practices could likely reduce the overall per capita water use in future significant increases.
In arid areas in US, large increases in water use may not be possible or sustainable unless water is imported brackish or saline waters are desalinated.
The population has a direct impact both on the water sources and the quality of the water resources. People change the properties of water as they use it in many ways. Water that has been used for several purposes area carried away to water resources become integrated with various chemicals.
Water used in household for drinking, cooking and bathing carry away chemicals into the sewage. Drainage from water applied in agricultural irrigation also brings away chemicals that have been applied to crops to enhance their growth and control weeds and pests. Industries introduce chemicals needed for the manufacture of their products.
The aftermath is posing threats to the environment and public health. Getting rid of these water pollutants is unimaginably difficult. If this is the case, the source is also at risk. The public, the government, the industries and a variety of organizations play a role in resolving this problem.
Modifying the local rate of population increase can alter the impacts of future populations on the amount and quality of water resources. This can be done by reducing the per capita use of water.
This strategy has been used in US. For example, per capita use decreased from 184 gpcd in 1990 to 179 gpcd in 1995 even though the nation’s population increased by 7 percent during that period.
Generally, water-stress is more common in developing nations than in developed and industrialized countries. Between 2000 and 2050, most all of the world’s population growth is projected to take place in developing nations. A reduction of population growth rate in these nations could improve the likelihood of achieving sustainability for their water supplies.
Diarrhea is a repeated bowel movement with characteristic feces which is loose and watery. anyone can have diarrhea yet children are very much susceptible mainly due to the food and drinks that they consume which may be contaminated or spoiled.
Diarrhea occurs when there is a Gastrointestinal Infections (GI) that are caused by pathogenic microorganisms. usually, the culprits are the bacteria, viruses or parasites. too much consumption of high-sugar beverage could also trigger diarrhea.
Diarrhea can also be caused by trouble in digesting certain things, an immune system response to certain foods (food allergy), reaction to medicines, an intestinal disease like inflammatory bowel disease, a problem with how stomach and bowel work such as irritable bowel syndrome or surgery on the stomach or gallbladder.
Viral gastroenteritis, also called stomach flu, is a common cause of diarrhea often resulting to nausea and vomiting. Since it is a virus, it is infectious which can spread through the school, household or child care centers, the symptoms last for just a few days. Kids who can’t get enough fluids can become dehydrated.
One kind of this type is rotavirus infection. It is characterized by explosive watery diarrhea. This type is common during winter and early spring months. Rotavirus vaccine is available for infants. Enterovirus such as coxsackievirus can also cause diarrhea in kids during summer months.
Common villain that cause diarrhea in this category are E. coli, Shigella, Campylobacter, Giardia and Cryptosporidium parasites.
Acute diarrhea is usually caused of viruses, bacteria or parasites. This type is common in children attending daycare and this is usually caused by a virus. Some cases of diarrhea caused by infection are mild which goes away on its own. It is still crucial to prevent dehydration from happening which is excessive loss of bodily fluids due to diarrheal stools.
Chronic diarrhea is due to a disease that causes inflammation of the bowel and/or malabsorption of nutrients. Here are the common causes of chronic diarrhea:
Catching infectious causes of diarrhea have the following risk factors: traveling to foreign countries, attending to child care, swimming in lakes and ponds, fostering home and school, and contacting with sick people at home. Celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) were found to be associated with heredity. First-degree relatives are at greater risk of the disease.
Kids may experience stomach cramps or abdominal pain that lasts a day or abdominal pain that lasts a few days. Kids with viral gastroenteritis often show symptoms such as fever and vomiting then followed by diarrhea.
Diarrhea may be watery or contain blood. Stool may float which may indicate that there is increased fat present in the stool. Diarrhea may also be accompanied by:
Dehydration happens when someone is not able to take in sufficient fluid orally to meet the daily fluid requirement. This is to compensate for the losses in diarrheal stools. When this happens, individuals with diarrhea are at risk for dehydration. Signs of dehydration include:
The doctor can tell if someone is dehydrated and how severely they are dehydrated by examining them. Parents can monitor children for signs of dehydration.
the goal when treating diarrhea is to replace the fluids and electrolytes that were depleted during bowel discharge. Doctors recommend:
Oral rehydration solutions are the best way to rehydrate a child who is able to drink and is not vomiting. Children with mild dehydration can be treated outside of the hospital with special oral rehydration solutions (ORS) that can be purchased at the pharmacy or grocery store.
Patients with more severe diarrhea, vomiting and dehydration may require intravenous fluids (fluids given through a vein in the arm) in the hospital. Although other drinks such as juices, colas, and sports drinks are frequently used, they are not a good substitute for ORS, and can actually worsen diarrhea.
Medications that slow down bowel movements are not recommended in children with acute diarrhea although they may occasionally play a role in children with chronic diarrhea. Antibiotics may be prescribed for children with specific bacterial or parasitic illnesses but in most cases, antibiotics do not change how long diarrhea lasts or its severity.
Probiotics (commercially manufactured tablets or capsules that contain “good bacteria”) may be useful in decreasing the severity of symptoms in the presence of an imbalance of good and bad bacteria in the intestines.
In a child who is otherwise healthy, it is very essential to start feeding them their regular diet as soon as possible. Breastfed infants should be nursed normally during episodes of acute gastroenteritis. Formula-fed infants can continue their regular diet and older children should be reintroduced to their regular diet as soon as possible. Older children may avoid dairy initially and try a bland diet consisting of bananas, applesauce, rice, and toast.
Careful hand washing should be practiced by all family members. Especially teach children how to properly wash their hands before eating or before and after certain activities.
Kids may prevent catching diarrhea yet it’s impossible that they may never catch it again. That’s why there are actions that can be done to make it less likely.
Food poisoning can also cause diarrhea in kids. Symptoms may last within 24 hours such as vomiting. Treatment for food poisoning bacteria can be treated the same with treating a diarrheal infection.
Over-the-counter (OTC) antidiarrheal medicines are also available:
Diarrhea can’t be helped. If it leads to complications such as the following, it will be most important to call the doctor if your child:
Total Dissolved Solids or TDS is the total charged mineral content of water. Apart from minerals, it also comprises metals, anions, cations, and inorganic salts such as potassium, sodium, bicarbonates, chloride, and sulfates dissolved in the water. All these impurities are measured using a TDS tester.
A TDS tester gives a qualitative measure of the number of ions in the water but not the nature of relationships of ions. It doesn’t provide insight on the water quality issues in the water such as salty taste, corrosiveness or elevated hardness. Here is the generalized relationship of TDS to water-quality problems:
|Cations with Carbonates
CaCO3, MgCO3, etc.
|Associated with hardness, scale information, bitter taste|
|Cations with Chloride
NaCl, KCl, etc.
|Salty or brackish taste, increased corrosivity|
An increased quantity of TDS is not a health hazard. In fact, it is only a secondary drinking water standard that is regulated because it is more of an aesthetic than a health hazard. Increased TDS amount indicates:
TDS in drinking water originates from natural resources, urban runoffs, sewage, industrial wastewater and chemicals used in the water treatment process. The nature of the piping or hardware to convey the water in the water treatment facilities also contribute to the TDS in the water.
In the US, TDS come from mineral springs, salt deposits, carbonate deposits, seawater intrusion and other sources such as salts from road de-icing, anti-skid materials, drinking water treatment materials, agricultural runoffs, stormwater, point/non-point wastewater discharges.
Municipal water treatment facilities get water mostly in freshwater sources such as streams, rivers, lakes or in underground waters. The quality of the water of these water sources is full of various minerals, ions, and salts. these dissolved solids are a mix of harmful and unharmful chemicals. That is why when this water passes through water treatments these impurities or contaminants are removed. When the water reaches homes, it is already safe for drinking.
Pre-Sedimentation is an area where treatment process starts. The raw water from the water source is delivered to the headworks of water treatment plant to undergo the five major unit water treatment processes. The five major unit processes are discussed subsequently. These processes make water safe to drink.
Chemicals used in this process breaks down naturally occurring organic matter such as decaying leaves and other plant material. One common chemical coagulant used is aluminum sulfate, a primary coagulant. A polymer or organic compounds are added to the water to strengthen primary coagulant bonding chains.
The coagulants are added to the rapid mix unit where turbulent mixing takes place in order to disperse the raw water into the coagulation process. The coagulants create a compression of fine particles into large ones which will then be removed later on through skimming, draining and filtering.
Coagulated water passes through the flocculation process. This process is a slow stirring movement that moves the small particles to form a floc. Here, floc particles and the sediments in the water meet. The meeting between floc and sediments is due to the hydraulic or mechanical mixing. The mixed up of flox and sediments form on the surface of the water, then it will be easier remove them by sedimentation and filtration.
Sedimentation is the removal of suspended solids (particles) that are heavier than the water. The reason behind this is to lessen the particulate load on the filters for the next process. Sedimentation is done by lowering the velocity of the water being treated below the point where it can transport the suspended material. This allows gravitational forces to remove particles that are suspended.
When water becomes still, sediments move toward the bottom of the basin. This process removes 90% of the solids in the water. The clear water on the surface is transported to the filter gallery to get rid of the remaining 10% of the solids.
This time, the water passes from pre-sedimentation building to the filtration facility. But before going to the filtration facility, chlorine is added to start the disinfection process. Disinfection process kills or inactivates most microorganisms present in the water such as bacteria, viruses or parasitic protozoans. Pathogenic organisms are the microscopic “bugs” in the water. They bring waterborne diseases such as giardiasis, typhoid, dysentery, cholera, and gastroenteritis.
After disinfection with chlorine, the water goes through the filtration facility to be filtered that last up to most of the time of the whole water treatment process. Filtration process lets the water pass through a filter material made out of bed of coal, sand or other granular substance to remove any remaining particles not removed during the sedimentation process.
The materials of the filter work like a superb strainer of the remaining particulates. Water treatment plant uses rapid rate multimedia gravity filter beds. When these filters become full of particles, they “backwash”, a procedure that lets the water run backward to release the trapped particles collected in the drain troughs.
The water that is collected from the bottom of the filters is now considered potable. But before it leaves the water treatment plant, a second round of chlorine is added to the water to provide assurance and to serve as the post-disinfection. In addition to chlorine, fluoride is also added. The fluoride in the water helps strengthen the teeth while also preventing decay.
The United States Public Health Service has determined the optimum concentration for fluoride in United States water to be in the range of 0.7 to 1.2 parts per million. e water treatment plants enough fluoride to raise that level to .9 parts per million. The fluoride level is measured daily at the water treatment plant and monthly at the tap to make sure it is sufficient to meet the concentration recommended by USPHS.
TDS is expressed in units of mg per unit volume of water (mg/l) or also referred to as parts per million (ppm). A natural mineral water has a TDS value of 100-200 mg/l. The tap water would also have the same levels of TDS but in areas with a high concentration level of minerals, natural tap water would also be high.
Water filtering technologies such as reverse osmosis, ion exchange, and distillation can reduce TDS level close to zero but active carbon filters can’t filter out TDS. World Health Organization (WHO) asked a panel of testers and came to the following conclusions on the preferable level of TDS in water (mg/l):
Above 1,200 – Unacceptable
1,200-900 – Poor
900-600 – Fair
600-300 – Good
300-less – Excellent
For most distilled mineral water, it has higher TDs which can be just good enough for tap waters. WHO and other institutions that regulate water quality consider values up to 500 mg/l to be safe and 2,000 mg/l is safe for temporary consumption if there’s no available water.
Below 500 mg/l has no scientific evidence that it could have any difference and 2,000 mg/l below has no negative health impact. However, there were no findings to show higher levels of calcium in water have a health impact. TDS level, in this case, is not sufficient to conclude negative impact because TDS meter does not specify different parameters that constitute the final number.
It is also worth noting that higher TDS parameter gives a heavier taste in the water.
A TDS tester shows the number of dissolved solids in the water. The higher the number the more impurities. Water filter companies use this as an argument that you can use TDS tester to reduce that level in your water. They also include the fact that TDS tester is a hassle-free and inexpensive device you have to monitor the TDS in your home water.
On the other hand, real tests measure all possible contaminants in the water. These contaminants are important determinants of the water quality so that they can be subject to sophisticated and expensive labs. Water quality testing is still important yet using a TDS tester might not give you the right information you need.
However, if you do have high TDS content in your water and choose to use a water treatment system, make sure to maintain the system that is according to the instruction of the manufacturer. This includes changing filters regularly.